Course Numbering and Description
Departments and programs are listed alphabetically, with the College or school administering the program identified in the program heading. Curricula and courses are listed under each program. Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information presented. However, all courses, course descriptions, instructor designations, and curricular degree requirements described herein are subject to change or deletion without notice. Changes to course descriptions are available on the course descriptions web page. For the most current course offerings by term, see the Schedule of Classes.
For a complete outline of graduate degree requirements, see Program Requirements for UCLA Graduate Degrees.
Undergraduate Course Numbering
Undergraduate courses are classified as lower division and upper division. Lower division courses (numbered 1-99) are often surveys offering preliminary introductions to the subject field. They are designed primarily for freshmen and sophomores, though upper division students may enroll for unit and grade credit. Lower division courses may not be applied toward graduate degrees.
Upper division courses (numbered 100-199) are open to all students who have met the requisites indicated in departmental requirements or the course description. Preparation generally includes at least one lower division course in the subject or two years of college work. With approval of the major department, graduate students may take 100-series courses toward satisfaction of master's degree requirements.
Undergraduate Seminars and Tutorials
Fiat Lux freshman seminars (numbered 19) are taught by faculty in areas of their expertise. They introduce freshmen to topics of intellectual importance and enable them to participate in critical discussion of these topics with a small group of peers. The seminar series takes its name from the motto of the University of California: Fiat Lux—Let There be Light!
Sophomore seminars (numbered 88) are departmentally sponsored courses designed to provide sophomores the opportunity to participate in small seminars to enhance writing, verbal, and analytical skills.
Honors seminars and tutorials (numbered 89/189 and 89HC/189HC) are primarily designed for students in the College Honors Program. They are adjunct to lecture courses and explore lecture topics in more depth through supplemental readings, papers, or other activities.
Student Research Program tutorials (numbered 99) offer students entry-level research experiences. Students serve as apprentices working with an individual faculty member or in a research group. Students are graded P/NP based on the number of hours they participate in research.
Upper division seminars (numbered 190-194) are small seminars with between 15 and 20 students that focus on research practice or issues. Many are designed to be taken along with a tutorial course in the 195-199 series.
Upper division tutorials (numbered 195-199) offer advanced opportunities for research through faculty-supervised internships and apprenticeships as well as honors research, directed research, and senior projects. Courses are structured by the instructor and student at the time they are initiated and are open to juniors (with a minimum 3.0 grade-point average in the major field), seniors, and graduate students. To enroll, students submit a contract (available online through MyUCLA) and have it approved by both the instructor and department chair.
Note: Courses numbered 19, 89, 89HC, 99, 189, and 189HC are not listed in this catalog. For current course descriptions, see the course descriptions web page.
Graduate Course Numbering
Graduate courses numbered 200-299 are generally open only to graduate students who have completed basic undergraduate courses in the subject. Courses and seminars in the 200 series can fulfill the minimum graduate course requirement for any advanced degree.
With departmental and instructor consent, and subject to requirements in the appropriate College or school, undergraduate students may enroll in 200-series courses for unit credit toward the bachelor’s degree. If students take a graduate course as an undergraduate, they may not apply that same course later toward a higher degree.
Graduate courses numbered 300-399 are highly specialized teacher-training courses that are not applicable toward University minimum requirements for graduate degrees. They are acceptable toward the bachelor’s degree only at the discretion of the individual College or school.
Graduate courses numbered 400-499 are designed for professional programs leading to graduate degrees other than the MA, MS, and PhD. These courses may not be used to satisfy minimum graduate course requirements for the MA or MS degree but may apply as electives.
Individual study and research courses (numbered 500- 599) are reserved for advanced study and are not open to undergrad-uate students. Courses are numbered as follows: 595/596, directed individual study or research; 597, preparation for master’s comprehensive or doctoral qualifying examination; 598, master’s thesis research and preparation; and 599, doctoral dissertation research and preparation. Courses numbered 501 are not individual study and research but are cooperative programs held in conjunction with USC. See individual departmental listings for specific limitations on 500-series courses.
Note: These definitions do not apply to the School of Law, which maintains its own course numbering system.
Temporary Course Offerings
Courses that are temporary in nature, such as one-term-only or one-year-only, are not listed in the catalog. Their descriptions can be found in the Schedule of Classes.
Concurrent and Multiple Listings
Concurrently scheduled courses (identified by a capital C before the course number) are pairs of courses, usually within a single department or program, for which credit is given at two levels—undergraduate and graduate. Concurrently scheduled courses are offered at the same time and place with the same instructor, but work levels and performance standards are evaluated differently for students at each level. (Concurrently scheduled courses as described here should not be confused with concurrent courses offered through UCLA Extension.)
Multiple-listed courses (identified by a capital M before the course number) are courses offered jointly by more than one department. They need not have identical course numbers, but all other aspects of the course must be the same, such as title, units, requisites, format, and level. For example, Language in Culture is offered by the Department of Anthropology (Anthropology M140) and the Department of Linguistics (Linguistics M146). The course is listed under both departments.
UCLA Extension Courses
In general, students may not attend UCLA Extension for degree credit if they are enrolled in UCLA regular session at the same time. However, certain Extension courses (numbered 1-199), prefixed by XL or XLC in the Extension course listings, yield credit toward the bachelor's degree. Graduate students may petition to apply up to two XLC courses toward the master’s degree. For more details, see Concurrent Enrollment in the Academic Policies section of this catalog.