# Physics Lower-Division Courses

1A. Physics for Scientists and Engineers: Mechanics. (5) Lecture/demonstration, four hours; discussion, one hour. Recommended preparation: high school physics, one year of high school calculus or Mathematics 31A and 31B. Enforced requisites: Mathematics 31A, 31B. Enforced corequisite: Mathematics 32A. Recommended corequisite: Mathematics 32B. Motion, Newton laws, work, energy, linear and angular momentum, rotation, equilibrium, gravitation. P/NP or letter grading.

1AH. Physics for Scientists and Engineers: Mechanics (Honors). (5) Lecture/demonstration, four hours; discussion, one hour. Enforced requisites: Mathematics 31A, 31B. Enforced corequisite: Mathematics 32A. Recommended corequisite: Mathematics 32B. Enriched preparation for upper-division physics courses. Same material as course 1A but in greater depth; recommended for Physics majors and other students desiring such coverage. P/NP or letter grading.

1B. Physics for Scientists and Engineers: Oscillations, Waves, Electric and Magnetic Fields. (5) Lecture/demonstration, four hours; discussion, one hour. Enforced requisites: course 1A, Mathematics 31B, 32A. Enforced corequisite: Mathematics 32B. Recommended corequisite: Mathematics 33A. Damped and driven oscillators, mechanical and acoustic waves. Electrostatics: electric field and potential, capacitors, and dielectrics. Currents and DC circuits. Magnetic field. P/NP or letter grading.

1BH. Physics for Scientists and Engineers: Oscillations, Waves, Electric and Magnetic Fields (Honors). (5) Lecture/demonstration, four hours; discussion, one hour. Enforced requisites: course 1AH or 1A, Mathematics 31B, 32A. Enforced corequisite: Mathematics 32B. Recommended corequisite: Mathematics 33A. Enriched preparation for upper-division physics courses. Same material as course 1B but in greater depth; recommended for Physics majors and other students desiring such coverage. P/NP or letter grading.

1C. Physics for Scientists and Engineers: Electrodynamics, Optics, and Special Relativity. (5) Lecture/demonstration, four hours; discussion, one hour. Enforced requisites: courses 1A, 1B, Mathematics 32A, 32B. Enforced corequisite: Mathematics 33A. Recommended corequisite: Mathematics 33B. Ampere law, Faraday law, inductance, and LRC circuits. Maxwell equations in integral and differential form. Electromagnetic waves. Light, geometrical, and physical optics. Special relativity. P/NP or letter grading.

1CH. Physics for Scientists and Engineers: Electrodynamics, Optics, and Special Relativity (Honors). (5) Lecture/demonstration, four hours; discussion, one hour. Enforced requisites: courses 1AH or 1A, 1BH or 1B, Mathematics 32A, 32B. Enforced corequisite: Mathematics 33A. Recommended corequisite: Mathematics 33B. Enriched preparation for upper-division physics courses. Same material as course 1C but in greater depth; recommended for Physics majors and other students desiring such coverage. P/NP or letter grading.

1Q. Contemporary Physics. (2) Review of current problems in physics, with emphasis on those being studied at UCLA. Significance of the problems and their historical context. P/NP grading.

4AL. Physics Laboratory for Scientists and Engineers: Mechanics. (2) Laboratory, three hours. Enforced requisite: course 1A or 1AH. Enforced corequisite: course 1B or 1BH. Experiments on measuring gravity, accelerated motion, kinetic and potential energy, impulse and momentum, damped and driven oscillators, resonance and vibrating strings. Computer data acquisition and analysis. Introduction to error analysis, including distributions and least-squares fitting procedures. Letter grading.

4BL. Physics Laboratory for Scientists and Engineers: Electricity and Magnetism. (2) Laboratory, three hours. Enforced requisites: courses 1A or 1AH, 1B or 1BH. Enforced corequisite: course 1C or 1CH. Experiments on electric forces, fields, and potentials. Magnetic fields. Linear and nonlinear devices. Resistors, capacitors, and inductors. Modern circuits. Geometrical and physical optics. Letter grading.

5A. Physics for Life Sciences Majors: Mechanics and Energy. (5) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; laboratory, two hours. Requisites: Life Sciences 30A, 30B, or Mathematics 3A, 3B, 3C (3C may be taken concurrently). Statics and dynamics of forces, motion, energy, including thermal energy, with applications to biological and biochemical systems. P/NP or letter grading.

5B. Physics for Life Sciences Majors: Thermodynamics, Fluids, Waves, Light, and Optics. (5) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; laboratory, two hours. Requisite: course 5A. Thermal properties of matter, free energy, fluids, ideal gas, diffusion, oscillations, waves, sounds, light, and optics, with applications to biological and biochemical systems. P/NP or letter grading.

5C. Physics for Life Sciences Majors: Electricity, Magnetism, and Modern Physics. (5) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; laboratory, two hours. Requisite: course 5A. Electrostatics in vacuum and in water. Electricity, circuits, magnetism, quantum, atomic and nuclear physics, radioactivity, with applications to biological and biochemical systems. P/NP or letter grading.

6A. Physics for Life Sciences Majors: Mechanics. (5) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; laboratory, two hours. Enforced requisites: Mathematics 3A, 3B. Enforced corequisite: Mathematics 3C. Not open for credit to students with credit for course 6AH. Motion, Newton laws, energy, linear and angular momentum, rotation, equilibrium, gravity, biological applications. P/NP or letter grading.

6B. Physics for Life Sciences Majors: Waves, Electricity, and Magnetism. (5) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; laboratory, two hours. Enforced requisite: course 6A or 6AH. Not open for credit to students with credit for course 6BH. Mechanical waves, sound, electricity and magnetism, electromagnetic waves, biological applications. P/NP or letter grading.

6C. Physics for Life Sciences Majors: Light, Fluids, Thermodynamics, Modern Physics. (5) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; laboratory, two hours. Enforced requisite: course 6B. Not open for credit to students with credit for course 6CH. Geometrical and physical optics, fluid statics and dynamics, thermodynamics. Selected topics from foundations of quantum mechanics; atomics, nuclear and particle physics; relativity; medical detectors; biological applications. P/NP or letter grading.

10. Physics. (4) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Not open for credit to students with credit for course 1A, 1AH, 5A, or 6A. Special mathematical preparation beyond that necessary for admission to University in freshman standing not required. Topics include planetary motion, Newton laws, gravitation, electricity and magnetism, wave motion, light, sound, and heat, relativity, quantum mechanics, atoms, and subatomic particles. As time permits, development of physical ideas placed in cultural and historical perspective. P/NP or letter grading.

11. Revolutions in Physics. (4) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Survey of modern physics intended for general UCLA students. Overview of classical physics from late 19th century and its growing set of dilemmas. Revolutions of relativity and quantum mechanics that have led to much deeper understanding of structure and evolution of our Universe. Specific topics include special and general relativity, cosmology (Big Bang), quantization of light, nucleus and radioactivity, origin of elements, and quantum mechanics. P/NP or letter grading.

12. Physics of Sustainable Energy. (4) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Special mathematical preparation beyond that necessary for admission to UCLA in freshman standing not required. Discussion of physics underpinnings of energy sources and consumption, with emphasis on renewables. Global view of energy balance in our lives from point of view of physical processes. Ways in which energy is used in everyday life (transportation, heating, cooling), and ways in which it is produced, covering all common and speculative sources of energy from fossil fuels to solar, wind, nuclear, and fusion. Fundamental physical limitations of each technology to master concepts such as efficiency of thermodynamic cycles and of chemical and nuclear reactions. Quantitative estimation of amount of energy students use in their daily lives and what physical processes could produce it. P/NP or letter grading.

17. Elements of Quantum Mechanics and Statistical Mechanics. (4) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Enforced requisites: courses 1A, 1B, and 1C (or 1AH, 1BH, and 1CH), Mathematics 32A, 32B. Enforced corequisite: Mathematics 33A. Photons, photoelectric effect, uncertainty principle Bohr atom, SchrÃ¶dinger equation, hydrogen atom, Gaussian and Poisson distributions, temperature, entropy, Maxwell/Boltzmann distribution, kinetic theory of gases, laws of thermodynamics, black body radiation. P/NP or letter grading.

18L. Modern Physics Laboratory. (4) Lecture, one hour; laboratory, six hours. Requisites: courses 1A, 1B, and 1C (or 1AH, 1BH, and 1CH), 4AL, 4BL, 17. Experiments on radioactivity, scattering, Planck constant, superconductivity, superfluidity. Letter grading.

19. Fiat Lux Freshman Seminars. (1) Seminar, one hour. Discussion of and critical thinking about topics of current intellectual importance, taught by faculty members in their areas of expertise and illuminating many paths of discovery at UCLA. P/NP grading.

87. Introduction to Biophysics. (4) Seminar, three hours. Enforced requisites: courses 1A, 1B, and 1C, or 1AH, 1BH, and 1CH, or 6A, 6B, and 6C, Chemistry 20A, 20B, Life Sciences 1, 3, Mathematics 3A, 3B, and 3C, or 31A, 31B, and 32A. Specific examples of diverse biological design such as scaling of metabolic activity, bone and muscle mass, cell size, cell membranes and pumps, heart and blood circulation, swim bladders, insect vision, magnetic bacteria, etc., studied quantitatively using elementary mathematics and physical principles. P/NP or letter grading.

88. Lower Division Seminar: Current Topics in Physics. (2) Limited to freshmen/sophomores. Intensive exploration of a particular theme or topic based on current research. Consult Schedule of Classes for topics to be offered in a specific term. P/NP or letter grading.

89. Honors Seminars. (1) Seminar, three hours. Limited to 20 students. Designed as adjunct to lower-division lecture course. Exploration of topics in greater depth through supplemental readings, papers, or other activities and led by lecture course instructor. May be applied toward honors credit for eligible students. Honors content noted on transcript. P/NP or letter grading.

89HC. Honors Contracts. (1) Tutorial, three hours. Limited to students in College Honors Program. Designed as adjunct to lower-division lecture course. Individual study with lecture course instructor to explore topics in greater depth through supplemental readings, papers, or other activities. May be repeated for maximum of 4 units. Individual honors contract required. Honors content noted on transcript. Letter grading.

98A. Workshop: Numerical Computational Physics. (1) Laboratory, one hour. Introductory presentations on three most common mathematical software packages — Mathematica, Mathcad, and MATLAB. After some familiarization with most common software functions, development of student personal preferences and assessment of advantages and strong points of each by solving problems in computational physics. P/NP grading.

98XA. PEERS Collaborative Learning Workshops for Life Sciences Majors. (1) Laboratory, three hours. Corequisite: associated undergraduate lecture course in physics for life sciences majors. Limited to Program for Excellence in Education and Research in Science (PEERS) students. Development of problem-solving skills and intuition in collaborative learning environment. May be repeated three times, but only 1 unit may be applied toward graduation. P/NP grading.

98XB. PEERS Collaborative Learning Workshops for Physical Sciences and Engineering Majors. (1) Laboratory, three hours. Corequisite: associated undergraduate lecture course in physics for physical sciences and engineering majors. Limited to Program for Excellence in Education and Research in Science (PEERS) students. Development of problem-solving skills and intuition in collaborative learning environment. May be repeated three times, but only 1 unit may be applied toward graduation. P/NP grading.

99. Student Research Program. (1 to 2) Tutorial (supervised research or other scholarly work), three hours per week per unit. Entry-level research for lower-division students under guidance of faculty mentor. Students must be in good academic standing and enrolled in minimum of 12 units (excluding this course). Individual contract required; consult Undergraduate Research Center. May be repeated. P/NP grading.