Public Policy Graduate Courses

201. Principles of Microeconomic Theory I. (4) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. First course in two-term sequence (see course 204) to prepare students for economic analysis of public policy, with review of economic principles and basic microeconomic theory and policy applications. Consumer theory and demand, producer theory and supply, equilibrium of product and factor markets. Letter grading.

202. American Political Institutions and Processes. (4) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Designed to provide background necessary to develop strategies for dealing effectively with political environment of policy and administration. Discussion of U.S. constitutional arrangements, followed by instrumental and integrative examination of primary institutions of politics and governance from organized interests to legislatures, bureaucracies, and courts. Letter grading.

203. Statistical Methods of Policy Analysis I. (4) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. First course in two-term sequence (see course 208). Review of statistical principles useful to policy research and analysis. Topics include descriptive statistics, expectations, univariate distribution, probability, covariance and correlations, statistical independence, random sampling, estimators, unbiasedness and efficiency, statistical inference, confidence intervals, and hypothesis testing. Letter grading.

204. Principles of Microeconomic Theory II. (4) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Requisite: course 201. Second course in two-term sequence (see course 201) covering both theory and policy applications. Topics include monopoly, factor markets, general equilibrium, welfare economics, externalities, public goods, uncertainty, and intertemporal optimization. Letter grading.

205. Institutional Leadership and Public Manager. (4) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Examination of leadership role of executives in public service as they lead and manage in tough day-to-day world of politics and intensive public scrutiny. Heavy emphasis on case studies that focus on what public managers do, political and organizational environment in which they find themselves, and skills they need both inside and outside their organization to get things done with high degree of competence and integrity. Letter grading.

206. Political Economy of Policy Adoption and Implementation. (4) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Analysis of how policy is formed, adopted, and implemented. How policies are formulated, by whom, how policy agendas are set, how to define relationships between politicians, bureaucrats, lobbyists, and media experts. Letter grading.

207. International Political Economy. (4) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Examination of political, legal, and social institutions to show where the U.S. fits in among varieties of modern capitalism and business/government relations. Analysis of domestic policy options nations are pursuing in response to economic globalization, such as protectionism, mercantilism, and deregulation. Introduction to international coalitions being formed, including NAFTA, and to nongovernmental organizations created to deal with special problems such as global environmental crisis. Letter grading.

208. Statistical Methods of Policy Analysis II. (4) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Requisite: course 203. Second core course in statistics and quantitative methods for MPP degree. Quantitative studies of public policy, covering regression analysis and its application to public policy questions. Letter grading.

209. Management in the 21st Century. (4) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Focus on practical management skills to prepare students for workplace. Examination of design, management, and leadership of teams in organizational settings, decision-making strategies in face of challenges, and negotiation as invaluable skill. Examples from public and private sectors, as well as experiential learning through exercises, cases, and simulations. Letter grading.

210. Methods of Policy Analysis. (4) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Preparatory course that precedes three-term 298A, 298B, 298C sequence in which students prepare major public policy projects and papers that are case studies of policy evaluation and implementation and are equivalent to professional master’s theses. Papers build on prior core courses, internship experience, and policy cluster courses. Letter grading.

211. Normative Issues in Policy Analysis. (4) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Limited to graduate students. Introduction to some basic normative categories, arguments, and tools essential for addressing questions of public policy. Normative questions are those that concern whether actions, characters, or states of world are right or wrong — or, in less absolute cases, better or worse than possible alternatives. Allegedly value-free methods of analysis do not help decide policy questions. Certain policy questions raise normative concerns sooner or more urgently than others: those that go beyond matters of economic efficiency and touch on questions of human dignity, equality, justice, or national or cultural traditions. Some questions that seem to be subject to efficiency analysis raise some strong ethical concerns distinct from those of efficiency. Discussion of disagreement that exists over both what efficiency is and in what cases or across what dimensions it ought to govern. Letter grading.

M212. Child Welfare Policy. (4) (Same as Social Welfare M290J.) Lecture, three hours. Development of social policy as it affects families and children from different cultural backgrounds and as it is given form in public child welfare system. Examination of development of infrastructure to support needs of children and families. S/U or letter grading.

M213. Mental Health Policy. (4) (Same as Social Welfare M290K.) Lecture, three hours. Examination of evolution of social policy and services for mentally ill, with emphasis on political, economic, ideological, and sociological factors that affect views of mentally ill and services they are provided. S/U or letter grading.

M214. Poverty, Poor, and Welfare Reform. (4) (Same as Social Welfare M290L and Urban Planning M246.) Lecture, three hours. Major policy and research issues concerning poverty and social welfare policy directed toward poor in U.S. S/U or letter grading.

M215. Health Policy. (4) (Same as Social Welfare M290M.) Lecture, three hours. Introduction to contemporary issues in healthcare financing and delivery, providing historical perspective on emergence of these issues. Examination of major public programs and their relationship to issues of access and cost. S/U or letter grading.

M216. Public Policy for Children and Youth. (4) (Same as Social Welfare M290N.) Lecture, three hours. Policy issues that affect children and adolescents in relation to their interaction with schools and community, with emphasis on impact of policy across federal, state, and local levels. S/U or letter grading.

M218. Research Design and Methods for Social Policy. (4) (Same as Urban Planning M204.) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Limited to graduate students. How to become more sophisticated consumers and producers of qualitative and quantitative policy research. In first half of course, formal principles of research design; in second half, various data collection methods, including ethnography, interviewing, and survey design. Letter grading.

C219. Crime Control Policy. (4) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Design, implementation, and evaluation of policies to control crime. Operations of major institutions within criminal justice system. Theories of crime causation and prevention and their relationship to impacts of alternative policies. Concurrently scheduled with course C119. Letter grading.

M220. Transportation, Land Use, and Urban Form. (4) (Same as Urban Planning M250.) Lecture, three hours. Historical evolution of urban form and transportation systems, intrametropolitan location theory, recent trends in urban form, spatial mismatch hypothesis, jobs/housing balance, transportation in strong central city and polycentric city, neotraditional town planning debate, rail transit and urban form. Letter grading.

M221. Travel Behavior Analysis. (4) (Same as Urban Planning M253.) Lecture, three hours. Requisites: courses 201 and 203, or Urban Planning 207 and 220B. Descriptions of travel patterns in metropolitan areas, recent trends and projections into future, overview of travel forecasting methods, trip generation, trip distribution, mode split traffic assignment, critique of traditional travel forecasting methods and new approaches to travel behavior analysis. Letter grading.

M222. Transportation Economics, Finance, and Policy. (4) (Same as Urban Planning M256.) Lecture, three hours. Overview of transportation finance and economics; concepts of efficiency and equity in transportation finance; historical evolution of highway and transit finance; current issues in highway finance; private participation in road finance, toll roads, road costs and cost allocation, truck charges, congestion pricing; current issues in transit finance; transit fare and subsidy policies, contracting and privatization of transit services. Letter grading.

M223. Transportation and Environmental Issues. (4) (Same as Urban Planning M258.) Lecture, three hours. Regulatory structure linking transportation, air quality, and energy issues, chemistry of air pollution, overview of transportation-related approaches to air quality enhancement; new car tailpipe standards; vehicle inspection and maintenance issues; transportation demand management and transportation control measures; alternative fuels and electric vehicles; corporate average fuel economy and global warming issues; growth of automobile worldwide fleet; automobile in sustainability debate. Letter grading.

M224A. Introduction to Geographic Information Systems. (4) (Same as Urban Planning M206A.) Lecture, three hours; laboratory, one hour. Preparation: one graduate-level statistics course, familiarity with one packaged statistics program. Principles of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and applied techniques of using spatial data for mapping and analysis. Topics include data quality, data manipulation, spatial analysis, and information systems. Use of mapping and spatial analysis to address planning problem. Letter grading.

M224B. Advanced Geographic Information Systems. (4) (Same as Urban Planning M206B.) Studio, three hours. Requisite: course M224A or Urban Planning M206A. Advanced topics in geographic information systems (GIS) utilizing geoprocessing tools in ArcMap, map design, and spatial analysis. Letter grading.

225. Education Policy and Education Inequality. (4) Seminar, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Limited to graduate students. Examination of policies that may reduce socioeconomic and ethnic disparities in educational success. Topics include international and national comparisons of educational outcomes, private and public school choice, school accountability policies, interventions to improve school or teacher quality, parenting and preschool interventions, and supplemental educational services. Letter grading.

M226. Management Challenges and Tools for Nonprofit Sector. (4) (Same as Social Welfare M290V and Urban Planning M286.) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Designed for graduate students. Fundamental building blocks for successful management in nonprofit sector. Students develop management skills in strategic thinking/problem solving, project management, team building, and negotiation. Use of case studies to troubleshoot critical challenges, from finance to crisis management to marketing, that nonprofit managers typically face. Letter grading.

M227. Politics, Power, and Philanthropy. (4) (Same as Social Welfare M290S and Urban Planning M287.) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Use of political economy perspective to analyze forces that have shaped rise and characteristics of nonprofit sector and its constituent elements. Examination of social history of nonprofit sector in U.S. Exploration of legal and policy environments and distinct organizational forms. Comparative perspective between U.S. and other countries. S/U or letter grading.

M228. Leadership, Development, and Governance of Nonprofit Organizations. (4) (Same as Social Welfare M241E and Urban Planning M288.) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Designed for graduate students. Various patterns of community action for attaining social welfare objectives; research and field experience directed toward study of social problems within context of community planning; emerging patterns of physical, economic, and social planning within framework of social change theory. Letter grading.

M229. Law and Management of Nonprofit Organizations. (4) (Same as Management M225.) Lecture, three hours. Introduction to important legal, financial, and management issues confronting nonprofit organizations. Topics include how to start nonprofit tax-exempt organizations, qualifying and maintaining tax-exempt status under IRC Code Section 501(c)(3), corporate governance, political and legislative activity restrictions, and strategic planning, fundraising, nonprofit accounting, and employment law. S/U or letter grading.

233. Employment Issues in California. (4) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Designed for graduate students. Drawing on resources of UCLA Business Forecasting Project, introduction to general features of California labor market, analysis of employment fluctuations and forecasting techniques including linkages between employment fluctuations in California and elsewhere in the country, and social issues related to labor market. Letter grading.

234. Labor Markets and Social Policy. (4) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Examination of analytical tools and conceptual models needed to understand policies directed toward people in lower tail of income distribution. Concepts include static and dynamic labor supply, labor demand, compensating differentials, human capital, and economic models of immigration and crime. Letter grading.

C235. Drug Abuse Control Policy. (4) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Introduction to drug abuse as social problem and to drug abuse control as policy issue, with examination of both necessity and difficulty of making and executing wise policies around psychoactive substances. Concurrently scheduled with course C101. Letter grading.

237. Ethical Questions in Public Life. (4) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Introduction to moral issues that commonly arise in public life. Ethics of political roles, compromise and moral integrity, lying and deception, place of rhetoric in defending stand on issues, politics and violence. Letter grading.

238. Issues in Cultural Policy. (4) Seminar, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Designed for graduate students. Survey of role of policy in shaping forms and meanings of culture and cultural activities in contemporary society. Overview of relevant theories of culture and their ramifications in such phenomena as consciousness, ideology, and identity. Empirical examination of what policymakers have said and done about promotion of culture in interests of various social goals. Contemporary trend of economic and cultural intersecting to be subject for trend analysis. Examination of globalization and national cultural interests in depth. General debate about logic and meaning of cultural politics in contemporary society and their consequences for trajectories of cultural policy at local, national, and international levels. Letter grading.

C239. Budget Politics, Social Policy, and Entitlement Reform. (4) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Examination of politics of public budgeting in the U.S., with emphasis on financing of social safety net. Exploitation of budgetary process as setting both for gaining substantive knowledge about how government really works and for developing political skills required to influence resource allocation decisions. Concurrently scheduled with course C124. Letter grading.

M240. Theories of Regional Economic Development I. (4) (Same as Geography M230A and Urban Planning M236A.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Introduction to theories of location of economic activity, trade, and other forms of contact between regions, process of regional growth and decline, reasons for different levels of economic development, relations between more and less developed regions. Letter grading.

M241. Introduction to Regional Planning. (4) (Same as Urban Planning M230.) Lecture, three hours. Critical and historical survey of evolution of regional planning theory and practice, with particular emphasis on relations between regional planning and developments within Western social and political philosophy. Major concepts include regions and regionalism, territorial community, and social production of space. Letter grading.

242. Regional Development, Urbanization, and Industrial Policy. (4) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Survey of regional development, with special reference to “new economic geography” and its relevance for formulation of local economic development policies. Letter grading.

M243. Community Development and Housing Policies: Roles of State, Civil Society, and Nonprofits. (4) (Same as Social Welfare M290U and Urban Planning M275.) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Designed for graduate students. Examination of role of U.S. housing policy and role of government agencies and community organizations. Is problem housing or economic development? Should interventions be directed toward inner city housing markets or through neighborhood strategies? What lessons can be learned from experiences of other countries? Letter grading.

M244. Transportation Policy and Planning. (4) (Same as Urban Planning M255.) Lecture, three hours. Introduction to analysis, management, and operation of transportation systems. Topics include evaluating transportation system performance, causes and management of traffic congestion, transportation systems and demand management, complete streets, goods movement, shipping, aviation, and high-speed rail policy and planning, public transportation planning, transportation services for elderly and disabled, and intelligent transportation systems. Letter grading.

C245. Critical Policy Issues and Problems in Globalizing World. (4) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. To enable students to (1) think of world in dynamic terms, (2) be able to map, divide, and assemble world in many different ways, and (3) be able to articulate patterns of flux, change, and movement in world space and history. Concurrently scheduled with course C147. Letter grading.

M246. Electoral Democracy: Theory and Behavior. (4) (Same as Political Science M268B.) Seminar, three hours. Examination of both empirical and normative questions from rich variety of perspectives for scholars in all subfields of political science as well as policy students and others interested in these issues. Consideration of topics fundamental to both democratic theory and study of American politics — public opinion; nature and purpose of elections; representation; parties; and purpose of democracy as whole — through both classic political theory treatments and modern research in American political behavior. Letter grading.

M247. Strategic Planning for Public and Nonprofit Organizations. (4) (Same as Social Welfare M241F and Urban Planning M290.) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Designed for graduate students. Technical processes of problem solving regarding substantive social welfare problems at community level. This form of community practice fills niche between professional and knowledge and skill set possessed by agency and program administrators on one hand and by policy analysts and policymakers on other. Letter grading.

M248. Toleration, Pluralism, and Diversity. (4) (Same as Political Science M216.) Seminar, three hours. Prior experience in political or legal theory helpful. Exploration of both abstract concepts of toleration and contemporary disputes. S/U or letter grading.

CM250. Environmental and Resource Economics and Policy. (4) (Same as Urban Planning M267.) Lecture, three hours. Requisites: courses 204 and 208, or Urban Planning 207 and 220B. Survey of ways economics is used to define, analyze, and resolve problems of environmental management. Overview of analytical questions addressed by environmental economists that bear on public policies. Concurrently scheduled with course C115. Letter grading.

251. Public Budgeting and Finance. (4) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Limited to graduate students. How financial resources are allocated through budget processes at federal, state, and local levels of government in the U.S. and how each level of government finances its operations and capital investment programs, with particular attention to California. Students are organized into small groups to facilitate review of assigned readings and to report key information to class. Based on assigned readings, development of budget strategy matrix outlining best practices budget strategies to use in various resources availability contexts. Letter grading.

M252. Introduction to Environmental Policy. (4) (Same as Urban Planning M263.) Lecture, three hours. Introduction to basic concepts and methods of environmental analysis covering variety of topics with cross-disciplinary perspectives. Development of ability to analyze major environmental and resource issues as well as to read, discuss, and write critically about environmental policy. Letter grading.

M253. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Law and Public Policy Research. (4) (Same as Law M675.) Lecture, three hours. Exploration of relevance of public policy research to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) legal issues. Topics include LGBT identity and demographics, legal recognition of same-sex couples, parenting, workplace discrimination, transgender rights, intersections of race and sexuality, LGBT youth and safe schools, LGBT health disparities, and Don’st Ask, Don’st Tell. Discussion of social science research that has informed various areas of LGBT law. Themes include doctrinal and other reasons why research has become more central to LGBT legal advancements in past decade, different types of public policy research, limitations of current data and research on LGBT issues, difficulties in translating social science research into evidence in courtroom, impact that dominant LGBT rights frame of equality has on social science research, challenges in conducting objective research, and effective presentation of social science research before legislators, judges, juries, media, and other audiences. S/U or letter grading.

M260. Foundations of Social Welfare Policy. (4) (Same as Social Welfare M221A and Urban Planning M241.) Lecture, two hours; discussion, one hour; outside study, nine hours. Nature, roles, and history of welfare institutions in different societies; applicable social system theory of different components of welfare system; theory and research about welfare policies and organizational forms. S/U or letter grading.

M266. Advanced Topics in Health Economics. (4) (Same as Health Policy M249E.) Seminar, four hours. Requisites: Health Policy 200A, 200B, M236. Advanced treatment of number of topics in health economics, including mental health economics, pharmaceutical economics, and relationship between labor supply, welfare, and health. Letter grading.

M267. Medicare Reform. (4) (Same as Health Policy M252.) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Designed for graduate students. Analytical and managerial skills learned earlier to be used to analyze problems with existing Medicare program and to develop specific options for reforming features of program to accommodate coming pressures generated by retirement of baby-boom generation. Letter grading.

M268. Microeconomic Theory of Health Sector. (4) (Same as Health Policy M236.) Lecture, four hours; discussion, two hours. Preparation: intermediate microeconomics. Requisite: Biostatistics 100A. Microeconomic aspects of healthcare system, including health manpower substitution, choice of efficient modes of treatment, market efficiency, and competition. Letter grading.

M269. Healthcare Policy and Finance. (4) (Same as Health Policy M269.) Seminar, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Exploration of demand for health insurance, policies for public insurance (Medicaid and Medicare), uninsured, and health insurance reform. Examination of effects of managed care on health and costs, consumer protection movement, and rise of competitive healthcare markets. Letter grading.

M270. Economic Principles and Economic Development in Indigenous Communities. (4) (Same as American Indian Studies M200D.) Seminar, two hours; discussion, one hour. Limited to graduate students. Introduction to basic economic concepts and their application to issues of economic development in indigenous communities. Coverage of microeconomic and macroeconomic aspects of economic development using current and existing research. Letter grading.

271. Urban Poverty, Workforce Development, and Public Policy. (4) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Limited to graduate students. Examination of how urban labor markets function, particularly low-skill labor markets, and exploration of how public and private interventions affect outcomes for disadvantaged populations. In first half of course, major theories of low-skill workers’s labor market problems in employment and wages; in second half, employment and training programs, policy initiatives and implementation, and new directions in workforce development. Letter grading.

M280A. Research and Development Policy. (4) (Same as Management-PhD M251.) Lecture, three hours. Examination of research and development as process and as element of goal-oriented organization. Factors affecting invention and innovation; transfer of technology; organizational and behavioral considerations; coupling of science, technology, and organizational goals; assessing of and forecasting technological futures. S/U or letter grading.

M280B. Growth, Science, and Technology. (4) (Same as Management M292B.) Lecture, three hours. Economic growth and change. Role of advances in science and technology, and actions of maximizing innovators and factors impinging on their behavior. How technological breakthroughs (or discontinuities) can form new industries or transform nature of and population of firms in existing industries. S/U or letter grading.

M281. Political Environment of American Business. (4) (Same as Management M293A.) Lecture, three hours. Evaluation of certain criticisms made by business of American political system. Designed to provide clearer understanding of principal features of American politics, especially as they influence business enterprise. S/U or letter grading.

CM282. Science, Technology, and Public Policy. (4) (Same as Electrical Engineering CM282.) Lecture, three hours. Recent and continuing advances in science and technology are raising profoundly important public policy issues. Consideration of selection of critical policy issues, each of which has substantial ethical, social, economic, political, scientific, and technological aspects. Concurrently scheduled with course CM182. Letter grading.

M286. Policy Analysis of Emerging Environmental Technologies. (4) (Same as Urban Planning M268.) Lecture, three hours. Acquisition and utilization of economic, finance, planning, and policy analytic tools needed to evaluate factors that drive market adoption from early to middle market phases. Rooftop solar, electric vehicle, and energy efficiency as focal examples, with emphasis on role of policy and planning incentives intended to spur adoption. Letter grading.

M289A-M289B. Immigration, Racial Change, and Education in 21st-Century Metropolis. (4-4) (Same as Education M289A-M289B, Political Science M287A-M287B, and Sociology M290A-M290B.) Seminar, four hours. Examination of metropolitan American society and institutions at beginning of 21st century. Consideration of best available information on patterns of settlement, changing functions of urban space and institutions, and issues of opportunity linked to urban structure in society facing unprecedented demographic change that will end primarily European domination of our society by mid-century, creating democracy with no racial or ethnic majority. How this demographic transition and postindustrial transformation of urban functions and space interact to shape opportunity and inequality. Vast economic transformations, brought about by globalization of workplace and dramatic decline of industrial employment in advanced nations, not only greatly raise stakes on creating equal opportunity but also cut off what were previously extremely important parts of intergenerational mobility. In Progress (M289A) and letter (M289B) grading.

290. Special Topics in Public Policy. (4) Discussion, three hours. Advanced seminar on emerging issues in public policy. May be repeated for credit. Letter grading.

M293. Privatization, Regulation, and Public Finance. (4) (Same as Urban Planning M243.) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Requisite: course 201. Evaluation of economic and political determinants of trend toward privatizing public services, and equity and efficiency outcomes of this trend as expressed through new pricing, financing, and service-level policies. Exploration of new regulatory role this trend implies for state and local governments. Letter grading.

294. Education Markets and Education Policy. (4) Lecture, three hours. Designed for graduate students. Provides set of tools that can be used to analyze pressing policy questions in field of education and some substantive background in policy issues of the day. Letter grading.

M295. Law and Poor. (4) (Same as Social Welfare M290R and Urban Planning M248.) Lecture, three hours. Designed for graduate students. Study of major income-maintenance programs in U.S., with emphasis on interaction of moral attitudes toward poor and structure and implementation of law, policy, and administration. Current reform consensus and major reforms. Letter grading.

297A. Marschak Colloquium: Policy Implications in Behavioral Sciences. (2) Seminar, two hours. Limited to graduate students. Students attend biweekly Marschak Colloquium presentations given by leading social science experts. Analysis and discussion of lecture topics and research models in behavioral sciences in this highly regarded and long-standing interdisciplinary lecture series that meets separately from colloquium presentations. Letter grading.

297B. Introduction to Public Policy. (2) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Designed for graduate students. Introduction to purposes and methods of public policy analysis. Exposure to key concepts and tools, such as market failures, decision analysis, cost/benefit analysis, group behavior, and implementation. Case studies supplement lectures and texts. S/U grading.

297C. Public Policy Analysis Lectures. (2) Activity, two hours. Limited to second-year MPP students. Venue for policymakers, practitioners, and academics to present, discuss, and analyze current policy questions. Attending, formally analyzing, and engaging with policy professionals at these extra-curricular programs adds to pedagogical and intellectual maturity of students as they gain greater understanding of complexity of public policy issues by hearing wide variety of voices. S/U grading.

297D. Public Policy Seminar Series. (2) Seminar, two hours; discussion, one hour. Weekly social science research lectures covering range of policy-relevant topics and discussion of research findings with professor. Examination of quality and relevance of research findings and connections between research, public policy curriculum, and real-world policy problems. S/U grading.

298A. Applied Policy Project I. (2) Seminar, 90 minutes; outside study, four and one half hours. Requisite: course 210. Limited to MPP students. First course of year-long sequence designed to ensure that students and their teams are fully prepared to launch their projects at start of Winter Quarter. Students form teams that are assigned to seminars and instructors, identify clients, select and refine policy questions motivating their projects, develop and refine basic work plans, learn about various methods of data collection, and complete and submit all necessary forms required for human subjects research. S/U grading.

298B. Applied Policy Project II. (6) Seminar, three hours; outside study, 15 hours. Preparation: completion of MPP core curriculum, two policy cluster courses, and internship (unless waived). Requisite: course 298A. Second course in three-term sequence in which students prepare major public policy projects and papers that are case studies of policy evaluation and implementation and are equivalent to professional master’s theses. Papers build on prior core courses, internship experience, and policy cluster courses. Letter grading.

298C. Applied Policy Project III. (2) Seminar, two hours. Preparation: completion of MPP core curriculum, two policy cluster courses, and internship (unless waived). Requisite: course 298B. Third course in three-term sequence in which students complete research and report writing for their year-long projects, conduct oral presentations of their applied policy projects, and give written feedback on other student presentations. Letter grading.

375. Teaching Apprentice Practicum. (1 to 4) Seminar, to be arranged. Preparation: apprentice personnel employment as teaching assistant, associate, or fellow. Teaching apprenticeship under active guidance and supervision of regular faculty member responsible for curriculum and instruction at UCLA. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

496. Public Policy Internships. (4) Fieldwork, four hours. Public policy internships for Master of Public Policy (MPP) and MPP/dual degree students. May not be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

596. Directed Studies. (2 to 8) Tutorial, to be arranged. Limited to graduate students. Individual programming for selected students to permit pursuit of a subject in greater depth. S/U or letter grading.