Environment Upper-Division Courses
M109. Human Impact on Biophysical Environment: What Science Has Learned. (4) (Same as Geography M109.) Lecture, three hours; reading period, one hour. Designed for juniors/seniors. Examination of history, mechanisms, and consequences of interactions between humans and environment. Exploration in depth of three thematic topics (deforestation, desertification, and greenhouse gas increase and ozone depletion) and four major subjects (soil, biodiversity, water, and landforms). P/NP or letter grading.
M111. Earth and Its Environment. (4) (Same as Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences M100.) Lecture, three hours. Overview of Earth as system of distinct, yet intimately related, physical and biological elements. Origins and characteristics of atmosphere, oceans, and land masses. Survey of history of Earth and of life on Earth, particularly in relation to evolution of physical world. Consideration of possibility of technological solutions to global environmental problems using knowledge gained during course. Letter grading.
M114. Soil and Water Conservation. (4) (Same as Geography M107.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Enforced requisite: Geography 1 or 2 or Life Sciences 1 or 3. Designed for juniors/seniors. Systematic study of processes of and hazards posed by erosion, sedimentation, development, and pollution and techniques needed to conserve soil and maintain environmental quality. Scope includes agriculture, forestry, mining, and other rural uses of land. P/NP or letter grading.
121. Conservation of Biodiversity. (4) Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Not open for credit to students with credit for Ecology and Evolutionary Biology 116. Examination of interrelation of natural biotic and human systems. Description of distribution of biodiversity and natural processes that maintain it. Critical analysis of various levels of threats and multidimensional challenges required for mitigating threats. Letter grading.
M127. Soils and Environment. (4) (Same as Ecology and Evolutionary Biology M127 and Geography M127.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; field trips. General treatment of soils and environmental implications: soil development, morphology, and worldwide distribution of soil orders; physical, chemical, hydrologic, and biological properties; water use, erosion, and pollution; management of soils as related to plant growth and distribution. P/NP or letter grading.
M127L. Soils and Environment: Field. (1) (Same as Ecology and Evolutionary Biology M127L and Geography M127L.) Laboratory, one hour; field excursions. Corequisite: course M127. Investigations and demonstrations supporting material in course M127, including excavating, describing, and naming soils in field, soil forming processes, geomorphology, and soils. P/NP or letter grading.
M130. Environmental Change. (4) (Same as Geography M131.) Lecture, three hours; reading period, one hour. Designed for juniors/seniors. Examination of natural forces producing environmental changes over past two million years. How present landscape reflects past conditions. Effects of environmental change on people. Increasing importance of human activity in environmental modification. Focus on impact of natural and anthropogenic changes on forests. P/NP or letter grading.
M132. Environmentalism: Past, Present, and Future. (4) (Same as Geography M115 and Urban Planning M165.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Exploration of history and origin of major environmental ideas, movements or countermovements they spawned, and new and changing nature of modern environmentalism. Introduction to early ideas of environment, how rise of modern sciences reshaped environmental thought, and how this was later transformed by 19th-century ideas and rise of American conservation movements. Review of politics of American environmental thought and contemporary environmental questions as they relate to broader set of questions about nature of development, sustainability, and equity in environmental debate. Exploration of issues in broad context, including global climate change, rise of pandemics, deforestation, and environmental justice impacts of war. Letter grading.
M133. Environmental Sociology. (4) (Same as Society and Genetics M133 and Sociology M115.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Relationship between society and environment. Analysis in detail of interrelations between social factors (such as class, race, gender, and religion) and environmental factors (such as pollution, waste disposal, sustainability, and global warming). P/NP or letter grading.
134. Environmental Economics with Data Analysis. (4) (Formerly numbered M134.) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: Statistics 12 or 13. Examination of challenges of balancing environmental protection with wants and needs of people in economy. Focus on how to design efficient public policies that meet environmental goals. How to quantify cause-and-effect relationships, for example, between pollution and infant mortality, using non-experimental data. P/NP or letter grading.
M135. California Sustainable Development: Economic Perspective. (4) (Same as Public Policy M149 and Urban Planning M163.) Lecture, three hours. Examination of specific environmental challenges that California faces. Microeconomic perspective used, with special emphasis on incentives of polluters to reduce their pollution and incentives of local, federal, and state government to address these issues. Focus on measurement and empirical hypothesis testing. P/NP or letter grading.
M137. Historical Geography of American Environment. (4) (Same as Geography M137.) Lecture, three hours. Designed for juniors/seniors. Study of systematic changes of natural environment in U.S. during historical time, with emphasis on interplay between and among natural factors of climate, soils, vegetation, and landforms, and human factors of settlement, economic activity, technology, and cultural traits. P/NP or letter grading.
140. Foundations of Environmental Policy and Regulation. (4) Lecture, three hours. Introduction to environmental policy and regulation in U.S. Provides basic knowledge and skills needed to work as professional environmental problem solver. Exploration of environmental harms that are subject to regulation, role of science in informing policy and regulation, evolution of environmental regulation, different types of regulatory instruments, regulatory process, and alternative approaches to environmental decision making. Includes California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA), Proposition 65, California’s long-standing leadership role in air pollution control, and state’s pioneering efforts in regulating greenhouse gas emissions. P/NP or letter grading.
150. Environmental Journalism, Science Communications, and New Media. (4) Lecture, three hours. Introduction to environmental journalism, science communications, and new media, including weekly guest lectures by prominent successful practitioners in wide variety of media. Focus on technologies, methods, genres, and theories of communicating environmental challenges, exploring solutions, and engaging public in newspapers, television, radio, movies, online, on mobile devices, and through social media. Discussion of possibilities and limitations of different media and importance of communications for environmental science, policy, public understanding, and individual decision making. Production by students of environmental communications in variety of media. P/NP or letter grading.
M153. Introduction to Sustainable Architecture and Community Planning. (4) (Same as Architecture and Urban Design CM153.) Lecture, three hours. Relationship of built environment to natural environment through whole systems approach, with focus on sustainable design of buildings and planning of communities. Emphasis on energy efficiency, renewable energy, and appropriate use of resources, including materials, water, and land. Letter grading.
M155. Energy in Modern Economy. (4) (Same as Physics M155.) Lecture, three hours. Requisites: Mathematics 3A and 3B (or 31A and 31B), Physics 1A and 1B (or 6A and 6B), Statistics 12 or 13. Examination of physics of energy, history of energy development, and role that energy plays in our economy, particularly in transportation and power grid. Prospects for decreasing availability of fossil fuels and impact of global warming on energy development. Current and potential future government and social responses to energy issues. P/NP or letter grading.
157. Energy, Environment, and Development. (4) Lecture, three hours. Requisites: Mathematics 3A and 3B (or 31A and 31B), Physics 1A and 1B (or 6A and 6B). Introduction to basic energy concepts and examination of role of various energy sources, energy conversion technologies, and energy policies in modern life. Analysis of implications of current patterns of energy production and consumption for future economic and environmental well-being. Integration of concepts and methods from physical and life sciences, engineering, environmental science, economics, and public policy. Basic quantitative skills provided to analyze and critique technical, economic, and policy choices to address challenge of balancing economic growth and environmental sustainability. P/NP or letter grading.
159. Life Cycle Assessment. (4) Lecture, three hours. Requisites: Mathematics 3A and 3B (or 31A and 31B). Public discourse about current patterns of production and consumption of energy, and goods and services more broadly, suggest such patterns are environmentally and economically unsustainable. Introduction to basic concept of life-cycle analysis (LCA), including analytical frameworks and quantitative techniques for systematically and holistically evaluating environmental trade-offs presented by different alternatives. Focus on methodology of LCA to compute various material inputs and environmental releases from all activities associated with life cycle (i.e., raw material extraction, processing, end use, and disposal) of products or services. Discussion of strengths and limitations of LCA as tool for decision making. Students perform life-cycle analysis of one technology, product, or service of their choice. P/NP or letter grading.
160. Topics in Environmental Economics and Policy. (4) Seminar, three hours. Requisite: Statistics 12 or 13. Examination of intersection of environmental economics and policy, with focus on testing policy-relevant environmental hypotheses using economics research approach. Invited scholars present research aimed at yielding policy-relevant results on various topics such as climate change, pollution, and transportation. P/NP or letter grading.
M161. Global Environment and World Politics. (4) (Same as Political Science M122B.) Lecture, three or four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Recommended requisite: Political Science 20. Politics and policy of major global environmental issues such as climate change, integrating law, policy, and political science perspectives. P/NP or letter grading.
162. Entrepreneurship and Finance for Environmental Scientists. (4) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Focus on key entrepreneurial and financial concepts, with emphasis on applications that are vital for implementing environmental solutions in private, public, and nonprofit settings. Topics include basic elements of finance, project evaluation, financial planning, and marketing. Development of entrepreneurial skills to recognize opportunity and transfer ideas into viable projects that are better for environment and that benefit people and communities. Case studies used to equip students with tools necessary to successfully execute environmental goals and objectives. P/NP or letter grading.
163. Business and Natural Environment. (4) Lecture, three hours. Examination of role of business in mitigating environmental degradation and incentives to be more environmentally responsive. Emphasis on corporate strategies that deliver value to shareholders while responding to environmental concerns. P/NP or letter grading.
M164. Environmental Politics and Governance. (4) (Same as Urban Planning M160.) Lecture, three hours. Environmental planning is more than simply finding problems and fixing them. Each policy must be negotiated and implemented within multiple, complex systems of governance. Institutions and politics matter deeply. Overview of how environmental governance works in practice and how it might be improved. Letter grading.
166. Leadership in Water Management. (4) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Limited to juniors/seniors. Examination of water quality and water supply issues, including interactions between scientific, technological, management, and policy issues. Invited experts, scholars, and practitioners discuss relevant issues such as pollution, climate change, and water infrastructure. Emphasis on solutions involving integrated water supply and wastewater systems. Leadership development through writing instruction and negotiations and media training. P/NP or letter grading.
M167. Environmental Justice through Multiple Lenses. (4) (Same as Urban Planning M167.) Lecture, three hours. Examination of intersection between race, economic class, and environment in U.S., with focus on issues related to social justice. Because environmental inequality is highly complex phenomenon, multidisciplinary and multipopulation approach taken, using alternative ways of understanding, interpreting, and taking action. P/NP or letter grading.
170. Environmental Science Colloquium. (1) Seminar, 90 minutes; one field trip. Limited to undergraduate students. Study of current topics in environmental science, including participation in weekly colloquium series and field trips. May be repeated for credit. P/NP grading.
180A. Practicum in Environmental Science. (4) Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Enforced requisite: Statistics 12 or 13. Limited to Environmental Science majors who have completed 40 or more units of preparation for major courses, including statistics, and 12 or more units of upper-division courses toward major or minor requirements. Examination of case studies and presentation of tools and methodologies in environmental science, building on what students have been exposed to in other courses. Letter grading.
180B. Practicum in Environmental Science. (5) Lecture, one hour; laboratory, five hours. Requisite: course 180A. Course 180B is requisite to 180C. Limited to junior/senior Environmental Science majors. Investigation of various aspects of one environmental case study representing actual multidisciplinary issue. Particular emphasis on developing skills required for working as professionals in this field. Work may involve site investigations, original data collection and analysis, mapping and geographic information systems, and environmental policy and law issues. Case study to be defined and conducted with collaboration of local agency or nonprofit institution. Letter grading.
180C. Practicum in Environmental Science. (5) Lecture, one hour; laboratory, five hours. Requisite: course 180B. Limited to junior/senior Environmental Science majors. Investigation of various aspects of one environmental case study representing actual multidisciplinary issue. Particular emphasis on developing skills required for working as professionals in this field. Work may involve site investigations, original data collection and analysis, mapping and geographic information systems, and environmental policy and law issues. Case study to be defined and conducted with collaboration of local agency or nonprofit institution. Letter grading.
185A. Sustainability Talks. (1) Lecture, two hours. Analysis of principles of sustainability through series of lectures and films by world-renowned faculty members, authors, environmentalists, entrepreneurs, policymakers, and progressive thinkers. May be repeated for credit. P/NP grading.
185B. Sustainability Action Research. (2) Lecture, two hours; fieldwork, four hours. Investigation of issues of campus sustainability, including energy efficiency, transportation, waste stream management, sustainable food practices, and more by student research to generate coalition of student researchers that, together with faculty members and UCLA staff, strive to make UCLA more sustainable community. May be repeated for credit. Letter grading.
185C. Sustainability Action Leaders. (3) Seminar, two hours; fieldwork, six hours. Students lead research teams to investigate issues of campus sustainability, including energy efficiency, transportation, waste stream management, sustainable food practices, and more to generate coalition of student researchers that, together with faculty members and UCLA staff, strive to make UCLA more sustainable community. May be repeated for credit. Letter grading.
186. Comparative Sustainability Practices in Local/Global Settings. (4) Fieldwork, four hours. Guided fieldwork and comparative analysis used to assess local sustainability practices and policies in diverse regional or international settings. Emphasis on comparing role of local and regional culture. geography, economic climate, and governmental policies on sustainability awareness and practices. Use of observations, interviews, and unobtrusive measures to document and analyze role and influence of local/global context on sustainability behavior of individuals, small businesses, and other institutions in everyday life. Letter grading.
188A-188B. Special Courses in Environment. (4-2) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled — course 188A) and two hours (course 188B). Departmentally sponsored experimental or temporary courses, such as those taught by visiting faculty members. May be repeated for credit with topic change. P/NP or letter grading.
189. Advanced Honors Seminars. (1) Seminar, three hours. Limited to 20 students. Designed as adjunct to undergraduate lecture course. Exploration of topics in greater depth through supplemental readings, papers, or other activities and led by lecture course instructor. May be applied toward honors credit for eligible students. Honors content noted on transcript. P/NP or letter grading.
189HC. Honors Contracts. (1) Tutorial, three hours. Limited to students in College Honors Program. Designed as adjunct to upper-division lecture course. Individual study with lecture course instructor to explore topics in greater depth through supplemental readings, papers, or other activities. May be repeated for maximum of 4 units. Individual honors contract required. Honors content noted on transcript. Letter grading.
M192. Undergraduate Practicum in English: Journals. (2) (Same as English M192 and English Composition M192.) Seminar, two hours. Training and supervised practicum for undergraduate student editors of campus journals supervised by faculty members in English, Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, and/or Writing Programs . May be repeated for credit. P/NP or letter grading.
193. Journal Club Seminars: Environment. (1) Seminar, one hour. Limited to undergraduate students. Discussion of readings selected from current literature of field. May be repeated for credit. P/NP grading.
195. Community or Corporate Internships in Environmental Science. (2 or 4) Tutorial, to be arranged. Preparation: 3.0 grade-point average in major. Limited to junior/senior majors. Internship in supervised setting in community agency or business related to environmental science and/or sustainability. Students meet on regular basis with faculty supervisor and provide periodic reports of their experience. May be repeated for maximum of 8 units. Individual contract with supervising faculty member required; consult undergraduate adviser. P/NP grading.
198. Honors Research in Environmental Science. (2 to 4) Tutorial, four hours. Limited to junior/senior Environmental Science majors. Development and completion of honors thesis or comprehensive research project under direct supervision of faculty member. Must be taken for at least two terms and for total of at least 8 units. May be repeated for credit. Individual contract required. Letter grading.
199. Directed Research in Environment. (2 to 4) Tutorial, two hours. Preparation: submission of written proposal outlining study or research to be undertaken. Limited to juniors/seniors. Supervised individual research or investigation under guidance of faculty mentor. Progress report must be submitted to faculty mentor at end of term. Culminating paper or project required. May be repeated for credit, but only 4 units may be taken each term. Individual contract required. P/NP or letter grading.