Gender Studies Upper-Division Courses

101W. Writing Gender. (5) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: English Composition 3. Development of critical reading and writing skills necessary for academic success. Students engage assigned readings in conversation with week’s leading question. Generation and continuous development of paper topic as result of in-class discussions and formal writing exercises. Small writing groups assist students in understanding relationship between how written thoughts are presented and how they are comprehended by different readers. Students gain understanding of writing process, including topic conceptualization, objective of writing project, organization of thoughts and resources, selection of objects of study, personal writing style, etc. Satisfies Writing II requirement. Letter grading.

102. Power. (4) Lecture, three hours. Enforced requisite: course 10. Consideration of how feminist social movements have identified and challenged gender-based subordination and ways feminist theorists have conceived and critiqued traditional theories of power. How have women’s and other social movements defined and challenged social, political, and economic subordination? How have feminist theorists addressed subject of power? How do empire, colonialism, liberalism, neoliberalism, and globalization produce distinctive forms of gendered violence, gendered knowledge, and gendered subjectivities? How are gender and sexuality produced and regulated by law, nation, and economy? P/NP or letter grading.

103. Knowledge. (4) Lecture, three hours. Enforced requisite: course 10. Exploration of social production of knowledge about gendered subjects and gender systems. Students engage key issues in feminist theory and feminist epistemology. How do feminist scholars identify and frame research questions? How is knowledge about marginalized subjects produced? How has feminism challenged dominant understandings of knowledge, rationality, objectivity, and scientific method? How have social movements sought to challenge traditional modes of knowledge production? P/NP or letter grading.

104. Bodies. (4) Lecture, three hours. Enforced requisite: course 10. Exploration of scholarly theories and histories of body, with focus on topics such as sex identities, sexuality, gendered violence, and reproductive politics. How has science, medicine, and culture sought to distinguish male from female in different historical periods and locations? How have meanings of terms sex and gender varied across time and place? How has gendered body been represented in different visual cultures? How have embodied identities been produced in different historical and geographic contexts? What is relationship between embodiment and desire? P/NP or letter grading.

M104C. Diversity in Aging: Roles of Gender and Ethnicity. (4) (Same as Chicana and Chicano Studies M106B, Gerontology M104C, and Social Welfare M104C.) Lecture, four hours. Exploration of complexity of variables related to diversity of aging population and variability in aging process. Examination of gender and ethnicity within context of both physical and social aging, in multidisciplinary perspective utilizing faculty from variety of fields to address issues of diversity. Letter grading.

105. Topics in Women and Medicine. (4) Lecture/discussion, three hours. Examination of medical conditions of women in context of issues that impact women’s health, healthcare, and healthcare providers. Discussion of basic health concepts and self-care; consideration of a women’s health speciality and ways to deliver healthcare to women. Exploration of roles and lifestyles of female physicians. P/NP or letter grading.

M105A. Premodern Queer Literatures and Cultures. (5) (Same as English M101A and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Studies M101A.) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Enforced requisite: English Composition 3. Survey of discrete period of queer literature from beginning to circa 1850. Works by such writers as Sappho, Plato, Marlowe, Shakespeare, and Thomas Gray may be included. May be repeated for credit with topic or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

M105B. Queer Literatures and Cultures, 1850 to 1970. (5) (Same as English M101B and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Studies M101B.) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Enforced requisite: English Composition 3. Survey of discrete period of queer literature and culture from circa 1850 to 1970. Works by such authors as Walt Whitman, Radclyffe Hall, Gertrude Stein, Virginia Woolf, Langston Hughes, Tennessee Williams, Henry Blake Fuller, and James Baldwin may be included. May be repeated for credit with topic or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

M105C. Queer Literatures and Cultures after 1970. (5) (Same as English M101C and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Studies M101C.) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Enforced requisite: English Composition 3. Examination of cultural production, specifically literature, produced by queers after Stonewall rebellion in New York in 1969, widely regarded as origins or beginning of modern lesbian and gay rights movement in U.S. Writings and films by such authors as Andrew Holleran, Leslie Feinberg, Achy Obejas, Essex Hemphill, Audre Lorde, Cheryl Dunye, and Alison Bechdel may be included. May be repeated for credit with topic or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

M105D. Studies in Queer Literatures and Cultures. (5) (Same as English M101D and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Studies M101D.) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Enforced requisite: English Composition 3. Variable specialized studies course in queer literatures and cultures. Topics focus on particular problem or issue in terms of its relationship to queer cultures and writings. May be repeated for credit with topic or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

M106. Imaginary Women. (5) (Same as Honors Collegium M106.) Seminar, four hours. Designed for juniors/seniors. Study of four female cultural archetypes — absconding wife/mother, infanticide mother, intellectual woman, and warrior woman — as they appear in their classical and modern manifestations in European and American cultures. P/NP or letter grading.

M107A. Studies in Women’s Writing. (5) (Same as English M107A.) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Enforced requisite: English Composition 3. Focus on women writers that may include historical, regional, national, or thematic emphasis, with possible topics such as authorship, self-writing, sexuality, gender, and genre. May be repeated for credit with topic or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

M107B. Studies in Gender and Sexuality. (5) (Same as English M107B and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Studies M107B.) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Enforced requisite: English Composition 3. Examination of literary and cultural production through lens of gender and sexuality. Depending on instructor, emphasis may be historical, regional, national, comparative, or thematic and include other intersectional vectors of identity and representation such as race and ethnicity. May be repeated for credit with topic or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

108S. Violence against Women. (4) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: course 10. Factual information and theoretical analyses regarding various forms of violence against women and girls in their homes, workplaces, and communities through critical examination of social structures and social science research. Letter grading.

M109. Women in Jazz. (4) (Same as African American Studies M109 and Ethnomusicology M109.) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour. Sociocultural history of women in jazz and allied musical traditions from 1880s to present. Survey of women vocalists, instrumentalists, composers/arrangers, and producers and their impact on development of jazz. P/NP or letter grading.

M110C. Philosophical Analysis of Issues in Feminist Theory. (4) (Same as Philosophy M187.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisite for Gender Studies majors: course 10; for other students: one philosophy course. Examination in depth of different theoretical positions on gender and women as they have been applied to study of philosophy. Emphasis on theoretical contributions made by new scholarship on women in philosophy. Critical study of concepts and principles that arise in discussion of women’s rights and liberation. Philosophical approach to feminist theories. May be repeated for credit with consent of instructor. Letter grading.

M111. Women and Film. (6) (Same as Film and Television M111.) Lecture, eight hours; discussion, one hour. Historical issues and critical approaches to women and cinema that may include authorship, stardom, female genres, and images of women in Hollywood cinema, alternative cinema, and independent cinema from silent era to present. Letter grading.

112. Special Topics in Women and Arts. (4) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: course 10. Selected topics relating feminist theories to creation of art by women, with consideration of cultural contexts in which they work. Approach to be comparative, cross-cultural, and interdisciplinary. Consideration of artistic practice by women in relation to issues of power, representation, and access. May be repeated twice, except for credit toward Gender Studies major. P/NP or letter grading.

113. Sex Work. (4) Lecture, three hours. Enforced requisite: course 10. Analysis of variety of contemporary sex work both in U.S. and abroad from feminist perspective. Examination of how race, class, and gender alter experience and perception of erotic labor, and consideration of critically feminist responses by range of authors to sex work. Topics include brothels, phone sex, strip clubs, sex tourism, military prostitution, and international traffic in persons. Reading of texts by sex workers, as well as articles from current philosophical and policy debates about prostitution. P/NP or letter grading.

M114. Introduction to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Studies. (5) (Same as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Studies M114.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Introduction to history, politics, culture, and scientific study of lesbians, gay men, bisexuals, transgendered, and queer people; examination of sexuality and gender as categories for investigation; interdisciplinary theories and research on minority sexualities and genders. P/NP or letter grading.

M115. Topics in Study of Sexual and Gender Orientation. (4) (Same as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Studies M115.) Lecture/discussion, three hours. Requisite: course 10 or M114. Studies in arts, humanities, social sciences, and/or life sciences on aspects of sexual orientation, gender identity, and lesbian, gay, and/or bisexual issues; variable topics may include cultural representations, historical and political change, life and health experiences, and queer or transgender theories; multiethnic and cross-cultural emphases. May be repeated for credit. Letter grading.

M116. Sexuality and City: Queer Los Angeles. (4) (Same as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Studies M116.) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: course M114. Investigation of history, culture, and political economy of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender Los Angeles. Letter grading.

M118. Queering American History. (4) (Same as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Studies M118.) Lecture, four hours. Enforced requisite: one prior lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer studies course. History of sexual and gender minorities in U.S. Topics include changing norms, romantic friendships, medical discourse, liberation politics, post-Stonewall culture, AIDS, transgender movement, queer theory, and politics. P/NP or letter grading.

M119. Tristan, Isolde, and History of Heterosexuality. (4) (Same as German M105.) Lecture, three hours. Taught in English. German, French, and English versions of Tristan and Isolde story from Middle Ages to 20th century. Particular attention to relation between representation of heterosexual love in each text and contemporaneous ideas about human sexuality. P/NP or letter grading.

120SL. Feminist Praxis: Community-Based Learning. (4) Seminar, three hours; fieldwork, four hours. Preparation: at least two gender studies core courses. Requisites: course 10 and one course from 102, 103, or 104. Service-learning course combining seminar with practical experience working on gender issues and connecting these experiences to methodological and theoretical themes explored in gender studies core courses. Community partners selected in advance by instructor in consultation with Center for Community Learning. Letter grading.

M121. Topics in Gender and Disabilities. (4) (Same as Disability Studies M121.) Lecture, three and one half hours. Limited to juniors/seniors. Ways in which issues of disability are affected by gender, with particular attention to various roles, positions, and concerns of women with disabilities. Approach is intersectional, exploring how social categories of class, race, ethnicity, religion, age, sexuality, nationality, and citizenship affect and are affected by gender and disability. Topics may include law (civil rights, nondiscrimination), representation (arts, literature), education, public policy, health. May be repeated for credit with topic and instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

122. Masculinities. (4) Lecture, three hours. Enforced requisite: course 10. Masculinity as theorized by feminists and shaped by race, class, age, and nation. Topics include feminist theories of masculinity, male body, childhood and adolescent socialization, sport, male violence, homophobia, black masculinity, globalization and masculinity, and men’s movements in 1970s and beyond. Special emphasis on social sciences approaches and methodologies. P/NP or letter grading.

123. Gender, Race, and Class in Latin American Literature and Film, 1850 to 1950. (4) Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 10. Readings and discussion in English. Comparative survey of cultural expression in Latin America, with emphasis on works produced or set in late-19th and early-20th centuries. Historical and social circumstances of women in different Latin American cultural contexts, with particular concentration on how gender, sexuality, race, and class are absorbed and reflected in literature and film. Within this genealogy, examination of how cultural production sustains or interrogates categories used to construct social, political, and cultural hierarchies. Topics include questions of authorship and authority such as women’s participation in formation of national cultures, engagement with artistic movements, and strategies of self-figuration. P/NP or letter grading.

M124. Sex, Race, and Difference in Transnational Film. (6) (Same as Film and Television M124.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Drawing on feminist media studies, training of students in media literacy so they acquire necessary skills to critically interrogate film as medium of communication and to appreciate how film provides lens to examine some of most critical issues of our time. Development of understanding of transnationality to examine how circulations of capital, labor, and commodities transect, render problematic, and sometimes reinforce national borders. Examination of role of film in both exemplifying and representing these conditions of transnationality. How films enable understanding of historical and contemporary relationships between mobility, coercion, and migration; colonialism and settler colonialism; Orientalism, geopolitics, and sexuality; cultural identity and diaspora; transnational conceptions of sexual desire and embodiment; immigration and religious difference; and criminalization of racial difference. P/NP or letter grading.

125. Perspectives on Women’s Health. (4) Lecture/discussion, three hours. Requisite: course 10. Examination in depth of various ways women provide healthcare in both paid and unpaid capacities and of political, economic, and social factors affecting women as recipients of healthcare. P/NP or letter grading.

M126. Feminist and Queer Theory. (5) (Same as English M126 and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Studies M126.) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Enforced requisite: English Composition 3. Recommended: one course from 102, 103, 104, English 120, or 121. Investigation of key concepts and debates in study of gender, sexuality, and kinship, with focus on their interrelated significance for making of culture. Readings to be interdisciplinary, with possible emphasis on impact of changing ideas of gender and sexuality on specific historical cultures. May be repeated for credit with topic or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

M127. Women in Russian Literature. (4) (Same as Russian M127.) Lecture, three hours. Designed for juniors/seniors. Lectures and readings in English. Introduction to alternative tradition of women’s writings in Russia and Soviet Union. Emphasis on images of women expressed in this tradition as compared with those found in works of contemporary male writers. P/NP or letter grading.

M128. Roots of Patriarchy: Ancient Goddesses and Heroines. (4) (Same as Honors Collegium M118.) Lecture, three hours. Examination of ancient goddesses and heroines — European, Neolithic, Near Eastern, Celtic, Scandinavian, Balto-Slavic, Indo-Iranian, and Greco-Roman — using translations of ancient texts, archaeological evidence, and feminist methodology in order to discover implications of ancient patriarchy on modern society. P/NP or letter grading.

129. Women and Gender in Caribbean. (4) Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 10. Exploration of way in which gender discourses have been central to making of Caribbean history and to some most enduring experiments in European empire, capitalist development, and coercive labor. Emphasis on women who lived through slavery and indentured servitude and who continue to live under systems of globalization and neoliberal exploitation. How Caribbean women have historically empowered themselves and their communities, working in various ways to survive, radicalize, and transform their worlds. Ways in which ideas about gender and sexuality have shaped emergence of new nations and national cultures in Caribbean, and consideration of some dominant images of women in public space and popular culture. Exploration of complicated ways in which gender, race, class, sexuality, and national identity intersect in different Caribbean contexts. P/NP or letter grading.

130. Women of Color in the U.S. (4) Lecture/discussion, three hours. Requisite: course 10. Exploration of experiences of African American, Asian American, Chicana, and Native American women in order to assess intersections of race, ethnicity, class, and gender. Contemporary and/or historical and/or theoretical perspectives on racism and its relation to feminism as defined by women of color. P/NP or letter grading.

CM132A. Chicana Feminism. (4) (Same as Chicana and Chicano Studies CM110.) Lecture, four hours. Enforced requisite: course 10 or Chicana and Chicano Studies 10A. Examination of theories and practices of women who identify as Chicana feminist. Analysis of writings of Chicanas who do not identify as feminist but whose practices attend to gender inequities faced by Chicanas both within Chicana/Chicano community and dominant society. Attention to Anglo-European and Third World women. Concurrently scheduled with course CM232A. P/NP or letter grading.

M132B. Contemporary Issues among Chicanas. (4) (Same as Chicana and Chicano Studies M154.) Lecture, two and one half hours. Requisite: course 10. Overview of conditions facing Chicanas in U.S., including issues on family, immigration, reproduction, employment conditions. Comparative analysis with other Latinas. P/NP or letter grading.

M133. Chicana Lesbian Literature. (4) (Same as Chicana and Chicano Studies M133 and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Studies M133.) Lecture, four hours. Exploration of intersection of radical First and Third World feminist politics, lesbian sexuality and its relationship to Chicana identity, representation of lesbianism in Chicana literature, meaning of familia in Chicana lesbian lives, and impact of Chicana lesbian theory on Chicana/Chicano studies. Letter grading.

M133A-M133B. History of Women in Europe. (4-4) (Same as History M133A-M133B.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. History of social, political, and cultural roles of women in Western Europe from early Middle Ages to present. P/NP or letter grading. M133A. 800 to 1715; M133B. 1715 to Present.

M133C. History of Prostitution. (4) (Same as History M133C.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. History of prostitution from ancient times to present. Topics include toleration in medieval Europe, impact of syphilis, birth of courtesan, regulation in 19th-century Europe, white slavery scare, and contemporary global sex trade. Readings include novels, primary sources, and testimony by sex workers. P/NP or letter grading.

134. Gender, Science, and Theory. (4) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: course 10. Examination of differing theoretical perspectives on relation between ideologies of gender and conceptualization and practice of science and medicine. Study of relations among gender, race, class, and sexual orientation and production and legitimation of scientific knowledge. Applications of theoretical critiques to research design, practice, and interpretation. Letter grading.

M135C. Bilingual Writing Workshop. (4) (Same as Chicana and Chicano Studies CM135.) Seminar, four hours. Limited to juniors/seniors. Writing sample required; access to course webpage mandatory; need not be bilingual to enroll. Technical instruction, analysis, and theoretical discussion of bilingual creative expression through genre of short fiction. Bilingualism as both politics and aesthetics to be central theme. Discussion and analysis of Chicana/Chicano and Latina/Latino short story collections. Peer critique of weekly writing assignments. Emphasis on narrative techniques such as characterization, plot, conflict, setting, point of view, and dialogue, and magical realism as prevailing Chicanesque/Latinesque style. Some attention to process of manuscript preparation, public reading, and publication. Letter grading.

M136. Music and Gender. (5) (Same as Musicology M136.) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour. Analysis of gender ideologies in several musical cultures; representations of gender, body, and sexuality by both male and female musicians; contributions of women to Western art and popular musics; methods in feminist and gay/lesbian theory and criticism. Letter grading.

M137E. Work Behavior of Women and Men. (4) (Same as Psychology M137E.) Lecture, two and one half hours. Requisite: course 10 or Psychology 10. Designed for seniors. Examination of work behavior of women and men. Topics include antecedents of career choice, job findings, leadership, performance evaluation, discrimination and evaluation bias, job satisfaction, and interdependence of work and family roles. P/NP or letter grading.

138. Gender and Popular Culture. (5) Lecture, three hours; screenings, two hours. Limited to juniors/seniors. Conceptual tools and critical skills necessary to rigorously interrogate gender politics of popular culture in the U.S. context. Consideration of theories of popular culture and exploration of distinctive power and ideological force exerted by popular culture in American public life. Examination of specific representations of male and female bodies to understand visual vocabulary of gender in popular culture, as well as relationship between visual stereotypes and regimes of power. Consideration of debates concerning transformative potential of pop culture and exploration of capacity and limits of popular culture as agent of social change. Letter grading.

139. Women and Art in Contemporary U.S. (4) Lecture/discussion, three hours. Requisite: course 10. Exploration of some significant cultural issues of contemporary American women’s art movement. Representation, resistance, and critical intervention in relation to gender, race, and class. Emphasis on visual and performance arts as these reflect various perspectives of feminism. Letter grading.

M140. Women’s Studies in French Literature. (4) (Same as French M140.) Lecture, three hours. Exploration of selected aspect of situation of women in French literature as author, character, symbol, etc. P/NP or letter grading.

142. Race, Gender, and Punishment. (4) Seminar, three hours. Enforced requisite: course 10. Examination of what crisis scholars have called prison industrial complex. U.S. has largest prison population in world. How and why is this? Who is imprisoned? What historical conditions and ideologies gave rise to this massive explosion in prisoner population? Does prison function as regime? How have politicians used imprisonment as response to economic transformations and social disorders? How is current crisis analogous to or distinct from regimes of racialized punishment in prior historical moments? How do prisons change environments? How have people mobilized to reduce U.S. prison population? Why do some activists argue for reform and others for abolition? Examination of key topics, including policing and racial profiling, immigrant detention, privatization, spatial transformations, gender violence, prison spending, and political imprisonment. P/NP or letter grading.

CM143. Healing, Ritual, and Transformation. (4) (Same as World Arts and Cultures CM140.) Lecture, four hours. Designed for juniors/seniors. Examination of role of healers, historically and within contemporary culture-specific contexts. Exploration of psychological functions served by rites of passage and healing rituals and of role of arts in healing troubled communities. Concurrently scheduled with course CM243. P/NP or letter grading.

M144. Women’s Movement in Latin America. (4) (Same as Chicana and Chicano Studies M144 and Labor and Workplace Studies M144.) Lecture, four hours. Course on women’s movements and feminism in Latin America and Caribbean to examine diverse social movements and locations from which women have launched political and gender struggles. Discussion of forms of feminism and women’s consciousness that have emerged out of indigenous rights movements, environmental struggles, labor movements, Christian-based communities, peasant and rural organizing, and new social movements that are concerned with race, sexuality, feminism, and human rights. Through comparative study of women’s movements in diversity of political systems as well as national and transnational arenas, students gain understanding of historical contexts and political conditions that give rise to women’s resistance, as well as major debates in field of study. P/NP or letter grading.

145. African American Women’s History. (4) Seminar, three hours. Enforced requisite: course 10. Historical examination of black women’s experiences in U.S. from antebellum era to present. By situating their experiences within major historical transitions in American history, exploration of key themes, including gender formation, sexuality, labor and class, collective action, gender and sexual violence, reproduction, and role of law. How have intersecting forms of oppression impacted black women’s historical lives? How is difference constructed through interrelated and overlapping ideologies of race and gender? How do historians uncover their historical lives and what are challenges to such discoveries? Examination of their individual and collective struggles for freedom from racism, sexism, and heteropatriarchy as well as their participation in and challenge to social movements, including suffrage, women’s liberation, civil rights, and black power. P/NP or letter grading.

M146. Feminist Geography. (4) (Same as Geography M146.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Critical engagement of gender as concept of geographic inquiry. Gender as spatial process, analysis of feminist geographic theory and methods, landscapes of gender, challenges of representing gender. Spaces of femininity, masculinity, and sexuality. P/NP or letter grading.

M147A. Psychology of Lesbian Experience. (4) (Same as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Studies M147A and Psychology M147A.) Lecture, two hours; discussion, one hour. Requisite: course 10 or M114 or Psychology 10. Designed for juniors/seniors. Review of research and theory in psychology and gender studies to examine various aspects of lesbian experience, impact of heterosexism/stigma, gender role socialization, minority status of women and lesbians, identity development within a multicultural society, changes in psychological theories about lesbians in sociohistorical context. P/NP or letter grading.

M147B. History of Women in Colonial British America and Early U.S., 1600 to 1860. (4) (Same as History M147C.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Introduction to major themes in history of early American women from initial confrontation of English and American Indian cultures in early 17th century to rise of women’s rights movement in mid-19th century. P/NP or letter grading.

M147C. Transnational Women’s Organizing in Americas. (4) (Same as Chicana and Chicano Studies CM147.) Lecture, four hours. Feminist theories of transnational organizing. Examination of gender and race as central to processes of globalization and essential to economic and political struggles encompassed in transnational power relations. Exploration of how questions of race and gender influence global economic policies and impact local actors and their communities. In time when people, capital, cultures, and technologies cross national borders with growing frequency, discussion of process of accelerated globalization has been linked to feminization of labor and migration, environmental degradation, questions of diaspora, sexuality, and cultural displacement, as well as growing global militarization. Problems and issues created by globalization and cultural, social, and political responses envisioned by transnational organizing. P/NP or letter grading.

M147D. History of Women in U.S., 1860 to 1980. (4) (Same as History M147D.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Introduction to major themes in history of American women from abolition of slavery and Civil War to rise and consequences of second-wave feminism. P/NP or letter grading.

M148. Women in Higher Education. (4) (Same as Education M148.) Seminar, three hours. Designed for juniors/seniors. Overview of issues related to experience of women in higher education. Topics include curricular transformation, feminist pedagogy, gender equity, women faculty members, and intersection of gender and race. Letter grading.

M149. Media: Gender, Race, Class, and Sexuality. (5) (Same as Communication M149 and Labor and Workplace Studies M149.) Lecture, four hours; activity, one hour. Limited to junior/senior Communication Studies and Gender Studies majors and Labor and Workplace Studies minors. Examination of manner in which media culture induces people to perceive various dominant and dominated and/or colonized groups of people. Ways in which women, gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgendered, racial, and ethnic marginalized peoples, class relations, and other subaltern or subordinated groups are presented and often misrepresented in media. Investigation and employment of practical applications of communications and feminist theories for understanding ideological nature of stereotyping and politics of representation through use of media, guest presentations, lectures, class discussions, and readings. Introduction to theory and practice of cultural studies. Letter grading.

M153. Media and Aggression against Women. (4) (Same as Communication M153.) Lecture, three hours. Social scientific study of intersection between mass media and men’s aggression against women. Particular consideration of sexual aggression, pornography, and characteristics of aggressive men. Analysis of interaction between nature and nurture. Letter grading.

M154P. Marriage, Family, and Kinship. (4) (Formerly numbered M151.) (Same as Anthropology M145P.) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: Anthropology 3. Examination of understandings of kinship in cross-cultural perspective and impact of kinship on interpersonal relationships, gender roles, and sociocultural systems. Readings from popular materials and formal ethnographic accounts. P/NP or letter grading.

M154Q. Selected Topics in Gender Systems. (4) (Formerly numbered M154P.) (Same as Anthropology M145Q.) Lecture, three hours. Recommended preparation: prior anthropology or gender studies courses. Designed for junior/senior social sciences majors. Comparative study of women’s lives and gender systems and cultures from anthropological perspective. Critical review of relevant theoretical issues using ethnography, case study, and presentations. Consult Schedule of Classes for topics and instructors. May be repeated for credit with topic change. P/NP or letter grading.

M154R. Women and Social Movements. (4) (Formerly numbered M155Q.) (Same as Anthropology M145R.) Lecture/discussion, three hours. Recommended preparation: prior gender studies or anthropology courses. Comparative studies of social movements (e.g., nationalist, socialist, liberal/reform), beginning with Russia and China and including Cuba, Algeria, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Nicaragua, and Iran. Analysis of women’s participation in social transformations and the centrality of gender interests. P/NP or letter grading.

M154T. Women’s Voices: Their Critique of Anthropology of Japan. (4) (Formerly numbered M155.) (Same as Anthropology M145T.) Lecture, three hours. Preparation: introductory sociocultural anthropology course. The anthropology of Japan has long viewed Japan as a homogeneous whole. Restoration of diversity and contradiction in it by listening to voices of Japanese women in various historical contexts. P/NP or letter grading.

156A. History of Women in the U.S.: Rebellious Women of 20th Century. (4) Lecture, three hours. Limited to juniors/seniors. Introduction to major and minor figures and movements for social change in the U.S., including themes from politics, sports, civil rebellions, and body. Examination of dramatic challenges to gender roles over course of the 20th century through actions of rebellious women who led way for myriad of changes in women’s lives. Offered in summer only. P/NP or letter grading.

M157. Chicana Historiography. (4) (Same as Chicana and Chicano Studies M158 and History M151D.) Lecture, four hours. Examination of Chicana historiography, looking closely at how practice of writing of history has placed Chicanas into particular narratives. Using Chicana feminist approaches to study of history, revisiting of specific historical periods and moments such as Spanish Conquest, Mexican Period, American Conquest, Mexican Revolution, and Chicano Movement to excavate untold stories about women’s participation in and contribution to making of Chicana and Chicano history. P/NP or letter grading.

M158. Women, Gender, and Sexuality in Italian Culture. (4) (Same as Italian M158.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Analysis of gender roles, images of femininity and masculinity, patriarchy, myths of Madonna and Latin lover, condition of women in Italian society through history, politics, literature, film, and other media. Italian majors required to read texts in Italian. P/NP or letter grading.

M159. Pornography and Evolution. (4) (Same as Communication M159.) Lecture, three hours. Discussion of theories and research on why pornography exists and its effects. Use of topic to illustrate value of evolutionary theory to social sciences generally. Letter grading.

160. Sporting Bodies. (4) Lecture, three hours. Recommended requisite: course 10. From Don Imus’s 2007 “nappy-headed hos” comment to controversies about transgender athletes or athletes with prosthetics; from covers of magazines to violence in Dodger’s Stadium parking lot; footballers not standing during national anthem, college men’s teams rating women’s teams in terms of sexual positions, unionization of athletes — discourses of sport draw heavily upon extant ideologies of race, gender, sexuality, and class. Introduction to critical analyses of social categories and how they are represented and reproduced in various sports and media. Critical examination of historical social values and how they are reproduced through sport. P/NP or letter grading.

M161. Sports, Normativity, and Body. (4) (Same as Disability Studies M161.) Lecture, four hours. Since creation of International Olympic Committee in 1894, athletes with disabilities have had, and been denied, formal opportunities to compete with able-bodied athletes. Overview of some major topics of discussion concerning intersections of athletic competition and disability, addressing variety of perspectives and themes on disability and sport, such as passing, sports integration, competition versus charity, and masculinity. Sources include readings, film, television, and biographical writings that address sports, body and disability generally, and Special Olympics specifically. P/NP or letter grading.

M162. Sociology of Gender. (5) (Same as Sociology M162.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Enforced requisite: course 10 or Sociology 1. Examination of processes by which gender is socially constructed. Topics include distinction between biological sex and sociological gender, causes and consequences of gender inequality, and recent changes in gender relations in modern industrial societies. P/NP or letter grading.

M163. Gender and Work. (4) (Same as Sociology M163.) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: course 10 or Sociology 1. Exploration of relationship of gender to work, concentrating on the U.S. experience but also including some comparative material. Particular emphasis on analysis of causes and consequences of job segregation by gender and of wage inequality. P/NP or letter grading.

M164. Politics of Reproduction. (4) (Same as Sociology M164.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Title refers to intersection between politics and life cycle. Topics include social construction of gender and population, reproductive issues, politicization of mothers, motherhood, and mothering, surrogacy, and new reproductive technologies. Letter grading.

M164A. Women, Violence, Globalization: India, Philippines, Singapore, Vietnam. (4) (Same as Asian American Studies M164.) Lecture, four hours. Study of various forms of violence done on women not only in and of themselves but in light of larger systems of oppression, with focus on Pilipino, Vietnamese, Singaporean, and South Asian cultures. Letter grading.

M165. Psychology of Gender. (4) (Same as Psychology M165.) Lecture, three hours. Consideration of psychological literature relevant to understanding contemporary sex differences. Topics include sex-role development and role conflict, physiological and personality differences between men and women, sex differences in intellectual abilities and achievement, and impact of gender on social interaction. P/NP or letter grading.

M167. Contested Sexualities. (4) (Same as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Studies M167.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Sociological perspectives on formation, control, and resistance of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered people. Variable topics include identity and community; age, class, gender, and racial diversity; and analysis of contemporary issues affecting contested sexualities. Letter grading.

168. Feminist Economics in Globalizing World. (4) Lecture, four hours. Preparation: satisfaction of Letters and Science Writing II requirement. Requisite: course 10. Designed for juniors/seniors. Overview of field of feminist economics, with emphasis on development experiences in globalizing world economy. Overview of gender inequalities such as gender division of labor in paid and unpaid work, patterns of employment and unemployment, and wage gaps between men and women in different world economy regions; feminist critiques of economics and of theoretical debates within gender and development field on topics such as structural adjustment, feminization of labor force, and poverty; examination of efforts and proposals by governments, international policy-making institutions, and civil society organizations to make economic policies and structures gender-equitable. P/NP or letter grading.

CM170. Alternate Traditions: In Search of Female Voices in Contemporary Literature. (5) (Same as Comparative Literature CM170.) Seminar, three hours. Designed for upper-division literature majors. Investigation of narrative texts by contemporary French, German, English, American, Spanish American, African, and Asian women writers from cross-cultural perspective. Common themes, problems, and techniques. Concurrently scheduled with course CM270. P/NP or letter grading.

M170C. History of Women in China, AD 1000 to Present. (4) (Same as History M170C.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Topics include women and family, women in Confucian ideology, women in literati culture, feminist movement, and women and communist revolution. P/NP or letter grading.

171A. Women, Gender, and Law: Jurisprudence of Sexual Equality. (4) Lecture, four hours. Enforced requisite: course 10. Recommended: course 102 or 103 or 104. Exploration of models of equality described and/or advocated by legal theorists primarily in U.S. — equality of opportunity, equality of outcome, equality of respect, etc. — using specific problems of women (e.g., sexual harassment, pregnancy leave policy, access to safe and effective reproductive control technologies) for purposes of comparison and critique. Specific focus may vary by instructor (e.g., consideration of sexual equality theories to issues of gender equity, legal status of women in countries outside U.S. or from perspectives of international human rights). May be repeated for credit with topic or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

M172. Afro-American Woman in U.S. (4) (Same as African American Studies M172 and Psychology M172.) Lecture, two and one half hours. Designed for juniors/seniors. Impact of social, psychological, political, and economic forces which impact on interpersonal relationships of Afro-American women as members of large society and as members of their biological and ethnic group. P/NP or letter grading.

M173B. Women in 20th-Century Japan. (4) (Same as History M173B.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Japanese women in Japanese and world history through state documents, autobiographical voices, contemporary television, and other varying historical sources, including topics such as women and new political order (1900 to 1930), women, war, and empire (1930 to 1945), and women in consumer society (1980s to 1990s). P/NP or letter grading.

M174. Sociology of Family. (4) (Same as Sociology M174.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Theory and research dealing with modern family, its structure, and functions, including historical changes, variant family patterns, family as institution, and influence of contemporary society on family. P/NP or letter grading.

M175. Women and Cities. (4) (Same as Urban Planning M175.) Lecture, three hours. Limited to juniors/seniors. Examination of relationship between women and cities: (1) how cities have affected women’s opportunities for economic and social equality, (2) women’s contributions to development of U.S. cities, and (3) contemporary strategies and efforts to create urban environments that reflect women’s needs and interests. P/NP or letter grading.

CM178. Critical Media Literacy and Politics of Gender: Theory and Production. (4) (Same as Education CM178.) Seminar, three hours. Corequisite: course CM178L. Use of range of pedagogical approaches to theory and practice of critical media literacy that necessarily involves understanding of new technologies and media forms. Study of both theory and production techniques to inform student analysis of media and critical media literacy projects. Concurrently scheduled with course CM278. Letter grading.

CM178L. Critical Media Literacy and Politics of Gender: Laboratory. (2) (Same as Education CM178L.) Laboratory, two hours. Corequisite: course CM178. Hands-on production experience as integral component of course CM178. Concurrently scheduled with course CM278L. Letter grading.

M180B. Historical Perspectives on Gender and Science. (4) (Same as History M180B.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Historical cases illustrating how gender enters practices and concepts of science. Topics include gendered conceptions of nature, persona of man of science, role of women in scientific revolution, scientific investigations of women and feminine. P/NP or letter grading.

185. Special Topics in Gender Studies. (4) Lecture, three hours. Preparation: one prior gender studies course. Designed for juniors/seniors. Specialized or advanced study in one area within gender studies. May be repeated for credit with topic and/or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

M186. Voices of Women in Nordic Literature. (4) (Same as Scandinavian CM144A.) Seminar, three hours. Requisite: Scandinavian 105B or 106B or 107B. Knowledge of Scandinavian languages not required for nonmajors. Readings and discussion of writings by Scandinavian women writers analyzed in historical, theoretical, sociological, critical, and comparative contexts. P/NP or letter grading.

M186A. Women and Gender, Prehistory to 1792. (4) (Same as History M186A.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Exploration of history of women, gender, and sexuality from prehistory to 1792. First half deals with period before written history and asks when did gender appear? How and why did patriarchy develop? Topics include evolution of women’s bodies, appearance of gender, women’s contribution to Neolithic revolution, significance of Goddess artifacts, creation myths, and women and sexuality in different religions. Consideration of effects of European conquest on Mesoamerican women, women’s power in monarchies, gender dimensions of Atlantic slavery, and first manifestations of feminist consciousness in second half. Objects or texts created by women examined or read throughout. P/NP or letter grading.

M186B. Global Feminism, 1850 to Present. (4) (Same as History M186B.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Introduction to movements for women’s rights (educational, political, economic, sexual, and reproductive) around world and over one and one half centuries. P/NP or letter grading.

187. Senior Research Seminar: Gender Studies. (4) Seminar, three hours. Requisites: courses 10, 102, 103, 104. Designed for advanced junior/senior Gender Studies majors or minors. In-depth study of major theme in feminist research. Themes vary by instructor and term. Students pursue independent research related to course theme, with guidance from instructor, then share and critique other student works in progress. Letter grading.

189. Advanced Honors Seminars. (1) Seminar, three hours. Limited to 20 students. Designed as adjunct to undergraduate lecture course. Exploration of topics in greater depth through supplemental readings, papers, or other activities and led by lecture course instructor. May be applied toward honors credit for eligible students. Honors content noted on transcript. P/NP or letter grading.

189HC. Honors Contracts. (1) Tutorial, three hours. Limited to students in College Honors Program. Designed as adjunct to upper-division lecture course. Individual study with lecture course instructor to explore topics in greater depth through supplemental readings, papers, or other activities. May be repeated for maximum of 4 units. Individual honors contract required. Honors content noted on transcript. Letter grading.

M191D. Topics in Queer Literatures and Cultures. (5) (Same as English M191D and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Studies M191D.) Seminar, three or four hours. Enforced requisite: English Composition 3. Consult Schedule of Classes for author, period, genre, or subject to be studied in specific term. May be repeated for credit with topic or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

M191E. Topics in Gender and Sexuality. (5) (Same as English M191E and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Studies M191E.) Seminar, three or four hours. Enforced requisite: English Composition 3. Consult Schedule of Classes for author, period, genre, or subject to be studied in specific term. May be repeated for credit with topic or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

195. Community or Corporate Internships in Gender Studies. (2 or 4) Tutorial, eight hours. Requisites: course 102 or 103 or 104, or two upper-division gender studies courses not in 189 to 199 series. Limited to juniors/seniors. Internship in supervised setting in community agency, organization, or business approved by program. Content of student work must apply gender analysis or be focused on some aspect of gender studies. Students meet on regular basis with instructor, provide periodic reports on their experience on-site, and submit final report. Must be taken for 4 letter-graded units to be applied toward Gender Studies major or minor. May be repeated for maximum of 8 units. Individual contract with supervising faculty member required. P/NP or letter grading.

M195CE. Comparative Approaches to Community and Corporate Internships. (4) (Same as African American Studies M195CE, American Indian Studies M195CE, Asian American Studies M195CE, and Chicana and Chicano Studies M195CE.) Tutorial, one hour; fieldwork, eight to 10 hours. Limited to juniors/seniors. Internship in corporate, governmental, or nonprofit setting coordinated through Center for Community Learning. Comparative study of race, gender, and indigeneity in relation to contemporary workplace dynamics. Students complete weekly written assignments, attend biweekly meetings with graduate student coordinator, and write final research paper. Faculty sponsor and graduate student coordinator construct series of reading assignments that examine issues related to internship site. Individual contract with supervising faculty member required. P/NP or letter grading.

197. Individual Studies in Gender Studies. (4) Tutorial, four hours. Preparation: at least two upper-division gender studies courses. Requisite: course 102 or 103 or 104. Limited to juniors/seniors. Individual intensive study, with scheduled meetings to be arranged between faculty member and student. Content may include themes in feminist discourse, application of feminist theoretical perspectives to disciplinary field, or emerging areas of inquiry. Assigned reading and tangible evidence of mastery of subject matter required. May be repeated for credit. Individual contract required. Letter grading.

198A-198B-198C. Honors Research in Gender Studies. (4-4-4) Tutorial, four hours. Limited to junior/senior gender studies honors program students. Three-term sequence to research and write honors thesis under direct supervision of faculty sponsor and in consultation with faculty cosponsor. Individual contract required. 198A. Requisite: course 187. Letter grading. 198B. Enforced requisite: course 198A. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 198C). 198C. Enforced requisites: courses 198A, 198B. Letter grading.

199. Directed Research in Gender Studies. (2 or 4) Tutorial, to be arranged. Preparation: at least two upper-division gender studies courses, minimum 3.0 grade-point average. Requisite: course 102 or 103 or 104. Limited to junior/senior Gender Studies majors and minors. Supervised individual research or investigation under guidance of faculty mentor on specific topic within gender studies. Culminating paper or project required. May be repeated for credit. Individual contract required. Letter grading.