Linguistics Upper-Division Courses

102. Introduction to Applied Phonetics. (5) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Enforced requisite: course 20 with grade of B- or better. Not open for credit to students with credit for course 103. Basics of articulation and acoustics of phonetic categories used in world’s languages, including English in comparison with other languages. Practice in speech-sound perception and transcription using International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). Applications to language learning/teaching and other fields. P/NP or letter grading.

103. Introduction to General Phonetics. (5) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Enforced requisite: course 20 with grade of B- or better. Not open for credit to students with credit for course 102. Phonetics of variety of languages and phonetic phenomena that occur in languages of world. Extensive practice in perception and production of such phenomena. P/NP or letter grading.

104. Experimental Phonetics. (5) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisite: course 102 or 103. Survey of principal techniques of experimental phonetics. Use of laboratory equipment for recording and measuring phonetic phenomena. P/NP or letter grading.

105. Morphology. (5) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Enforced requisite: course 20. In linguistics, morphology is study of word structure. Morphological theory seeks to answer questions such as how should words and their component parts (roots, prefixes, suffixes, vowel changes) be classified crosslinguistically? how do speakers store, produce, and process complex words (words with affixes, compounds)? how do speakers know how to produce correct word forms even when they have not previously heard them and how do speakers know that particular words are well-formed or ill-formed? is there principled distinction in traditional division between inflection and derivation? how can we best account for variation in forms that are same (e.g., root in keep/kept even though vowels are different)? can we formulate crosslinguistic generalizations about word structure? P/NP or letter grading.

110. Introduction to Historical Linguistics. (5) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisites: courses 20, 102 or 103, 119A or 120A. Methods and theories appropriate to historical study of language, such as comparative method and method of internal reconstruction. Sound change, grammatical change, semantic change. P/NP or letter grading.

110G. Introduction to Historical Linguistics for Graduate Students. (2) Lecture, four hours. Limited to and designed for entering linguistics graduate students to help remedy entrance deficiencies in historical linguistics. Basic historical linguistics: methods and theories appropriate to historical study of language, such as comparative methods and method of internal reconstruction. Sound change, grammatical change, semantic change. S/U grading.

111. Intonation. (4) Lecture, two hours; laboratory, two hours. Requisites: courses 20, 102 or 103, one course from 119A, 119B, 120A, or 120B. Recommended: course 104 or 204A. Survey of intonational theory for English and other languages, with particular emphasis on phonological models of intonation. Laboratory equipment used for recording and analyzing intonation, and students learn to transcribe intonational elements. Letter grading.

114. American Indigenous Linguistics. (5) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Strongly recommended preparation: course 20. Survey of genetic, areal, and typological classifications of American indigenous languages; writing systems for American indigenous languages; American indigenous languages in social and historical context. One or more languages may be investigated in detail. P/NP or letter grading.

M116. Introduction to Japanese Linguistics. (4) (Same as Japanese M120.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Enforced requisite: Japanese 3 or 8 or Japanese placement test. Introduction to Japanese grammar and sociolinguistics through reading, discussion, and problem solving in phonology, syntax, semantics, and discourse pragmatics. Letter grading.

119A. Phonological Structures. (5) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Enforced requisites: courses 20, and 102 or 103. Not open for credit to students with credit for course 120A. Sound structures and sound patterns in world’s languages. Rules, rule ordering, features, syllable, and higher structure. Comparison of sound patterns of different languages. Tools of phonology as applicable to other fields. P/NP or letter grading.

119B. Syntactic Structures. (5) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Enforced requisite: course 20 with grade of B- or better. Not open for credit to students with credit for course 120B. Syntactic structures and syntactic patterns in world’s languages. Basic tools of syntactic analysis. Comparison of syntactic patterns of different languages. Tools of syntax as applicable to other fields. P/NP or letter grading.

120A. Phonology I. (5) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisites: courses 20, 103. Introduction to phonological theory and analysis. Rules, representations, underlying forms, derivations. Justification of phonological analyses. Emphasis on practical skills with problem sets. P/NP or letter grading.

120B. Syntax I. (5) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisite: course 20 with grade of B- or better. Course 120A is not requisite to 120B. Descriptive analysis of morphological and syntactic structures in natural languages; emphasis on insight into nature of such structures rather than linguistics formalization. P/NP or letter grading.

120C. Semantics I. (5) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisite: course 120B. Survey of most important theoretical and descriptive claims about nature of meaning. P/NP or letter grading.

127. Syntactic Typology and Universals. (5) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisite: course 20. Study of essential similarities and differences among languages in grammatical devices they use to signal the following kinds of concepts: relations between nouns and verbs (case and word order), negation, comparison, existence/location/possession, causation, interrogation, reflexivization, relativization, attribution (adjectives), time (tense and aspect), and backgrounding (subordination). Data from a range of languages presented and analyzed. P/NP or letter grading.

C128A-C128B. Romance Syntax: French. (4-4) Lecture, four hours. Preparation: some knowledge of French (or one Romance language). Enforced requisite: course 120B. Course C128A is enforced requisite to C128B. Aspects of structure of French language, with emphasis on properties of construction not found in English. Concurrently scheduled with courses C228A-C228B. P/NP or letter grading.

130. Language Development. (5) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisites: courses 20, 119A or 120A, 119B or 120B. Survey of research and theoretical perspectives in language development in children. Discussion and examination of child language data from English and other languages. Emphasis on universals of language development. Topics include infant speech perception and production, development of phonology, morphology, syntax, and word meaning. P/NP or letter grading.

132. Language Processing. (5) Lecture, four hours; laboratory, one hour (when scheduled). Requisites: courses 20, 119A or 120A, 119B or 120B. Central issues in language comprehension and production, with emphasis on how theories in linguistics inform processing models. Topics include word understanding (with emphasis on spoken language), parsing, anaphora and inferencing, speech error models of sentence production, and computation of syntactic structure during production. P/NP or letter grading.

C135. Neurolinguistics. (5) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisites: courses 20, 119A or 120A, 119B or 120B. Examination of relationship between brain, language, and linguistic theory, with evidence presented from atypical language development and language disorders in the mature brain. Topics include methodologies to investigate normal and atypical hemispheric specialization for language and children and adults with acquired and/or congenital language disorders. Concurrently scheduled with course C235. P/NP or letter grading.

C140. Bilingualism and Second Language Acquisition. (5) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisites: courses 119A or 120A, 119B or 120B. Introduction to study of childhood bilingualism and adult and child second language (L2) acquisition, with focus on understanding nature of L2 grammar and grammatical processes underlying L2/bilingual acquisition. Discussion of neurolinguistic and social aspects of bilingualism. Concurrently scheduled with course C244. P/NP or letter grading.

M141. Current Methods of Language Teaching. (5) (Same as English Composition M141.) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour. Enforced requisite: course 20. Survey of theory and practice in teaching second languages, including (1) past and present methods used to teach second languages, (2) current theory and practice underlying skills-based instruction and integrated approaches, and (3) factors that affect second language acquisition and learning. Development of knowledge base in and rational base for design, development, implementation, and evaluation of second language instruction programs. P/NP or letter grading.

144. Fundamentals of Translation and Interpreting. (5) (Formerly numbered M144.) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour. Recommended preparation: knowledge of English and at least one other language. Enforced requisite: course 20. Examination of salient lexical, structural, cultural, and social aspects of translating and interpreting between two languages or dialects. Survey of development of translation theories and rise of community interpreting and critical role of language brokering. P/NP or letter grading.

M146. Language in Culture. (5) (Same as Anthropology M150.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; fieldwork, two hours. Requisite: course 20 or Anthropology 4. Study of language as aspect of culture; relation of habitual thought and behavior to language; and language and classification of experience. Holistic approach to study of language, with emphasis on relationship of linguistic anthropology to fields of biological, cultural, and social anthropology, as well as archaeology. P/NP or letter grading.

M150. Introduction to Indo-European Linguistics. (5) (Same as Indo-European Studies M150.) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Enforced requisite: course 1 or 20. Indo-European languages (ancient and modern), including their relationships, chief characteristics, writing systems, and sociolinguistic contexts; nature of reconstructed Indo-European proto-language and proto-culture. One or more Indo-European languages may be investigated in detail. P/NP or letter grading.

160. Field Methods. (5) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisites: courses 102 or 103, 119A or 120A, 119B or 120B. Analysis of language unknown to members of class from data elicited from native speaker of that language. P/NP or letter grading.

161. Language Documentation. (5) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisites: courses 20 (enforced), and 105 or 119A or 120A. Issues in documenting languages, including collection of primary data using linguistic field methods, organizing data into documents (annotated texts, dictionaries, multimedia presentations, technical articles), audiences for language documents (speakers of target languages, linguists, scholars outside linguistics, general public), presentation and storage of documents (paper publication, online publication, electronic and physical archives), documenting endangered languages, and organizations and initiatives for documenting endangered languages. Presentations focus on case studies. Student projects in assembling primary data and creating annotated texts with commentary. P/NP or letter grading.

165A. Phonology II. (5) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisite: course 120A. To be taken in term following completion of course 120A or as soon as possible thereafter. Further study in phonological theory and analysis: autosegmental theory, syllable structure, metrical theory, interface of phonology and grammar. P/NP or letter grading.

165B. Syntax II. (5) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisite: course 120B. To be taken in term following completion of course 120B or as soon as possible thereafter. Recommended for students who plan to do graduate work in linguistics. Form of grammars, word formation, formal and substantive universals in syntax, relation between syntax and semantics. P/NP or letter grading.

165C. Semantics II. (5) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisite: course 120C. Recommended for students who plan to do graduate work in linguistics. Further study in relevant logics, relations between sentences, lexical semantics, tense and aspect, adverbs, modality and intensionality. P/NP or letter grading.

170. Language and Society: Introduction to Sociolinguistics. (4) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisite: course 20. Study of patterned covariation of language and society; social dialects and social styles in language; problems of multilingual societies. P/NP or letter grading.

175. Linguistic Change in English. (5) Lecture, four hours. Requisites: courses 110, 120A, 120B. Principles of linguistic change as exemplified through detailed study of history of English pronunciation, lexicon, and syntax. P/NP or letter grading.

M176A. Japanese Phonology and Morphology. (4) (Same as Japanese CM122.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Recommended preparation: course 20. Enforced requisite: Japanese 3 or 8 or Japanese placement test. Survey of Japanese phonetics, phonology, and morphology. Letter grading.

M176B. Structure of Japanese. (4) (Same as Japanese CM123.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Enforced requisite: Japanese 4 or 10 or Japanese placement test. Functional linguistic analysis of grammatical structures of Japanese, often in form of contrastive analysis of Japanese, English, and other languages. Letter grading.

M177. Structure of Korean. (4) (Same as Korean CM120.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Recommended preparation: two years of Korean, or one year of Korean and some knowledge of linguistics. Discussion of major syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic characteristics of Korean in light of linguistic universals, with brief introduction to formation, typological features, and phonological structure of Korean. Letter grading.

M178. Contrastive Analysis of Japanese and Korean. (4) (Same as Japanese CM127 and Korean CM127.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Recommended preparation: two years of Japanese and knowledge of Hangul, or two years of Korean and knowledge of Hiragana. Prior linguistic background also recommended. Critical reading and discussion of selected current research papers in syntax, pragmatics, discourse, and sociolinguistics from perspective of contrastive study of Japanese and Korean. Letter grading.

180. Mathematical Structures in Language I. (5) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisite: course 119B or 120B. Recommended: Philosophy 31. Prior mathematics knowledge not assumed. Mathematical introduction to phonology, syntax, and semantics. Elementary material on logic, sets, functions, relations, and trees. P/NP or letter grading.

185A. Computational Linguistics I. (5) Lecture, four hours; laboratory, one hour. Requisites: courses 120B, Program in Computing 10C (or Computer Science 32). Recommended: course 165B or 200B. Overview of formal computational ideas underlying kinds of grammars used in theoretical linguistics and psycholinguistics, and some connections to applications in natural language processing. Topics include recursion, relationship between probabilities and grammars, and parsing algorithms. P/NP or letter grading.

185B. Computational Linguistics II. (5) Lecture, four hours; laboratory, one hour. Requisite: course 185A. Extensions of basic language processing techniques to natural language processing. Recent models of syntactic, semantic, and discourse analysis, with particular attention to their linguistic sophistication and psychological plausibility. P/NP or letter grading.

189. Advanced Honors Seminars. (1) Seminar, three hours. Limited to 20 students. Designed as adjunct to undergraduate lecture course. Exploration of topics in greater depth through supplemental readings, papers, or other activities and led by lecture course instructor. May be applied toward honors credit for eligible students. Honors content noted on transcript. P/NP or letter grading.

189HC. Honors Contracts. (1) Tutorial, three hours. Limited to students in College Honors Program. Designed as adjunct to upper-division lecture course. Individual study with lecture course instructor to explore topics in greater depth through supplemental readings, papers, or other activities. May be repeated for maximum of 4 units. Individual honors contract required. Honors content noted on transcript. Letter grading.

191A. Variable Topics Research Seminars: Linguistics. (4) Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 1 or 20. Research seminar on selected topics. Reading, discussion, and development of culminating project. May be repeated for credit with topic change. P/NP or letter grading.

191B. Variable Topics Research Seminars: Linguistics. (2 or 4) Seminar, three hours. Research seminar on selected topics. Reading, discussion, and development of culminating project. May be repeated for credit with topic change. P/NP or letter grading.

192A-192B. Undergraduate Practicum in Linguistics. (4-2) Seminar, seven hours (course 192A) and six hours (course 192B). Limited to juniors/seniors. Training and supervised practicum for advanced undergraduate students to assist in linguistics courses. Students assist in preparation of materials and development of innovative programs under guidance of faculty members and teaching assistants. May not be applied toward course requirements for any Linguistics Department major. Individual contract required. Information and contracts may be obtained from Linguistics Department. P/NP grading.

197. Individual Studies in Linguistics. (2 to 4) Tutorial, four hours. Requisite: course 1 or 20. Limited to juniors/seniors. Individual intensive study, with scheduled meetings to be arranged between faculty member and student. Assigned reading and tangible evidence of mastery of subject matter required. May be repeated for credit. Individual contract required. P/NP or letter grading.

198A. Honors Research in Linguistics I. (4) Tutorial, to be arranged. Preparation: 3.5 grade-point average. Requisite or corequisite: course 165A (or 200A) or 165B (or 200B). Recommended: completion of both courses 165A and 165B (or 200A and 200B) before or during term in which course 198A is taken. Limited to juniors/seniors. Development of honors thesis or comprehensive research project on linguistic topic selected by student under direct supervision of faculty member. Consult professor in charge to enroll. May be repeated for credit. Individual contract required. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 198B).

198B. Honors Research in Linguistics II. (2) Tutorial, to be arranged. Requisite: course 198A. Limited to juniors/seniors. Completion of honors thesis or comprehensive research project begun in course 198A under direct supervision of faculty member. Consult professor in charge to enroll. May be repeated for credit. Individual contract required. Letter grading.

199. Directed Research or Senior Project in Linguistics. (4) Tutorial, to be arranged. Limited to senior Linguistics majors. Supervised individual research or investigation of linguistic topic selected by student under guidance of faculty mentor. Culminating paper required. Consult professor in charge to enroll. May be repeated for credit. Individual contract required. P/NP or letter grading.