Linguistics Graduate Courses

200A. Phonological Theory I. (4) Lecture, four hours. Preparation: graduate linguistics student or grade of A in course 120A or equivalent course in phonology. Courses 200A and 201A form two-course survey of current research in phonological theory. Interaction of phonology with morphology and syntax, syllable structure, stress. S/U or letter grading.

200B. Syntactic Theory I. (4) Lecture, four hours. Preparation: graduate linguistics student or grade of A in course 120B or equivalent course in syntax. In-depth introduction to selected topics in theory of constituent structure and syntax of predicates, arguments, and grammatical relations. Topics include levels of representation, X-bar theory, case theory, thematic roles, the lexicon, grammatical function-changing rules, head-complement relations. S/U or letter grading.

200C. Semantic Theory I. (4) Lecture, four hours. Overview of current results and research methods in linguistic semantics. Topics include generalized quantifiers and semantic universals, predicate argument structures, variable binding and pronominalization, formal semantic interpretation, syntax and LF, tense, ellipsis, and focus. Letter grading.

201A. Phonological Theory II. (4) Lecture, four hours. Requisite: course 200A. Continuation of course 200A. Second course in two-course survey of current research in phonological theory. Topics include autosegmentalism (tone, tiers, segment structure), feature theory, underspecification, prosodic morphology. S/U or letter grading.

201B. Syntactic Theory II. (4) Lecture, four hours. Requisite: course 200B. In-depth introduction to selected topics in theory of movement processes and topics selected from following areas: WH-movement and related rules, subjacency and other constraints on movement; ECP and related conditions on distribution of empty categories; resumptive pronoun constructions; parametric variation in movement constructions; LF WH-movement; filters; reconstruction; parasitic gaps; barriers theory; control theory; null subject parameter. S/U or letter grading.

201C. Semantic Theory II. (4) Lecture, four hours. Requisite: course 200C. Survey of current approaches to model-theoretic semantics and its relation to current linguistic theory. Approaches include generalized categorial grammars, Montague grammar, Boolean-based systems, generalized quantifier theory, logical form. S/U or letter grading.

202. Language Change. (4) Requisites: courses 110, 200A, 200B. Survey of current theories and research problems in language change.

203. Phonetic Theory. (4) Requisite: course 120A. Preliminaries to speech analysis. Functional anatomy of vocal organs; fundamental principles of acoustics and of acoustic theory of speech production; issues in perception of speech; nature and design of feature systems for phonetic and phonological analysis.

204A. Experimental Phonetics. (4) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: course 103. Use of laboratory equipment to investigate articulatory, acoustic, and perceptual properties of speech. Topics include experimental design and statistics; theoretical basis of acoustic structure of speech sounds; computer-based speech processing, analysis, and modeling; perceptual and acoustic evaluation of synthetic speech. S/U or letter grading.

204B. Speech Production. (4) Lecture, three hours; laboratory, one hour. Requisite: course 104 or 204A. Survey of topics in speech production research, especially as related to linguistic phonetics. Topics include physiology of vocal tract and models of speech production and articulatory/acoustic relations. Emphasis on use of laboratory methods such as aerodynamic transducers, electroglottography, static and electropalatography, electromagnetic articulography, and imaging techniques. S/U or letter grading.

204C. Speech Perception. (2 to 4) Lecture, four hours. Recommended requisite: course 104 (or 204A) or 111 (or 211). Limited to graduate students. Survey of topics in speech perception research. Topics include auditory physiology and psychophysics, categorical speech perception, and cross-linguistic speech perception and word recognition. Emphasis on use of experimental methods such as lexical decision, gating, priming, eye tracking, phoneme monitoring, and word spotting. S/U or letter grading.

205. Morphological Theory. (4) Requisites: courses 200A, 200B. Survey of current theories and research problems in morphology. Nature of morphological structure; derivational and inflectional morphology; relation of morphology to phonology, syntax, and the lexicon.

207. Pragmatic Theory. (2 or 4) Lecture, four hours. Requisites: courses 200C, 201C. Introduction to formal pragmatic theory. Topics include speech act theory, imperatives, and other illocutionary moods; at-issue/not-at-issue distinction and other projective content; Gricean implicature, conversational implicature, and local implicature; and formal treatments of discourse, including game-theoretic pragmatics. S/U or letter grading.

208. Mathematical Structures in Language I. (5) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour. Requisite: course 120B. Recommended: Philosophy 31. Prior mathematics knowledge not assumed. Mathematical introduction to phonology, syntax, and semantics. Elementary material on logic, sets, functions, relations, and trees. S/U or letter grading.

209A. Computational Linguistics I. (5) Lecture, four hours; laboratory, one hour. Overview of formal computational ideas underlying kinds of grammars used in theoretical linguistics and psycholinguistics. Themes include role of recursion, relationship between structure and interpretation (both PF and LF), relationship between grammars and probabilities, and relationship between derivations and parsing. S/U or letter grading.

209B. Computational Linguistics II. (5) Lecture, four hours; laboratory, one hour. Requisite: course 209A. Extensions of basic language processing techniques to natural language processing. Recent models of syntactic, semantic, and discourse analysis, with particular attention to their linguistic sophistication and psychological plausibility. S/U or letter grading.

209C. Computational Semantics. (4) Lecture, four hours. Preparation: basic knowledge of semantics. Requisite: course 185A or 209A. Study of algorithms to compute and reason with meanings of sentences and texts. Phenomena such as anaphor resolution, presupposition projection, and tracking time, objects, and space to be covered. S/U or letter grading.

210A. Field Methods I. (4) Lecture, four hours. Preparation: grade of B or better in course 103 or in examination on practical phonetics. Requisites: courses 200A, 200B. Analysis of a language unknown to members of class from data elicited from a native speaker of the language. Term papers to be relatively full descriptive sketches of the language. May be repeated for credit with topic change. S/U or letter grading.

210B. Field Methods II. (4) Lecture, four hours. Requisite: course 210A in preceding term. Because different languages are investigated in different years, course 210B can only be taken as direct continuation of 210A in same year. When there are multiple sections, continuation must be in same section. May be repeated for credit with topic change. S/U or letter grading.

211. Intonation. (4) Lecture, two hours; laboratory, two hours. Requisite: course 120A or 120B. Survey of intonational theory for English and other languages, with particular emphasis on phonological models of intonation. Laboratory equipment used for recording and analyzing intonation, and students learn to transcribe intonational elements. Letter grading.

212. Learnability Theory. (4) Lecture, four hours. Survey of some of most significant results on capabilities of learners, given precise assumptions about their memory, time, and computational power, and precise assumptions about information provided by environment. S/U or letter grading.

213A. Grammatical Development. (4) Requisites: courses 200A, 200B. Recommended: course 130 or 233. Survey of theoretical perspectives and contemporary empirical research in development of syntax and other components of grammar, with particular emphasis on acquisition theory, linguistic theory, and issues of learnability.

213B. Brain Bases for Language. (4) Requisites: courses 200A, 200B. Recommended: course C135 or C235. Survey of theoretical perspectives and contemporary empirical research in neurological and cognitive bases for language, language development, and language breakdown.

213C. Linguistic Processing. (4) Lecture, four hours. Requisites: courses 165B and/or 200B. Recommended: courses 132 or 232, 201B. Survey of theoretical perspectives and contemporary empirical research in human processing of language (comprehension and/or production), with emphasis on syntactic processing, ambiguity resolution, effects of memory load, and relationship between grammar and processor. S/U or letter grading.

214. Survey of Current Syntactic Theories. (4) Lecture, four hours. Requisite: course 201B. Survey of several current syntactic theories, compared with one another and with theory discussed in course 201B, from point of view of theories’s relative descriptive and explanatory power. S/U or letter grading.

215. Syntactic Typology. (2 or 4) Lecture, four hours. Requisite: course 200B. Current results in word-order universals; genetic classification of world’s languages; cross-language properties of specific construction types, including relative clauses, passives, positive and negative coreference systems, agreement systems, deixis systems, and types of sentence complements. S/U or letter grading.

216. Syntactic Theory III. (4) Lecture, four hours. Requisite: course 201B. Selected topics on syntactic theories of anaphora and quantification from the following areas: typology of binding categories (pronouns, anaphors, etc.); theory of locality conditions in binding theory; parametric variation in binding; quantifier movement; existential quantification and unselective binding; strong and weak crossover; superiority; scope interactions; complex quantifier structures. S/U or letter grading.

217. Experimental Phonology. (4) Lecture, four hours. Requisite: course 200A. Survey of experimental work that bears on claims about speakers’s knowledge of phonology, including theories of lexicon, relation between perception and phonology, and universal markedness relations. Letter grading.

218. Mathematical Structures in Language II. (4) Lecture, four hours. In-depth study of generalized quantifier theory; selected topics from distinctive feature theory, formal syntax, partial orders and lattices, formal language theory, variable binding operators. May be repeated for credit with consent of instructor. S/U or letter grading.

219. Phonological Theory III. (4) Lecture, four hours. Requisite: course 201A. Current research and issues in phonological theory. Topics include structure of phonological representations, relations between representations, architecture of grammar, and explanations for phonological typology. S/U or letter grading.

220. Linguistic Areas. (4) Requisites: courses 120A, and 120B or 127. Recommended: courses 165A or 200A, 165B or 200B. Analysis and classification of languages spoken in a particular area (e.g., Africa, the Balkans, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Australia, Aboriginal North America, Aboriginal South America, Far East, etc.). May be repeated for credit with topic change.

222. Semantic Theory III. (2 or 4) Lecture, four hours. Requisites: courses 200C, 201C. Introduction of developments in ontology of formal semantics, including plurals as formal object, events, situations, times, and degrees. Presentation of empirical motivation for these developments, and some cross-domain parallels supporting them. S/U or letter grading.

225. Linguistic Structures. (4) Lecture, four hours. Requisites: courses 120A, and 120B or 127. Recommended: courses 165A or 200A, 165B or 200B. Phonological and grammatical structure of a selected language and its genetic relationships to others of its family. May be repeated for credit with topic change. S/U or letter grading.

C228A-C228B. Romance Syntax: French. (4-4) Lecture, four hours. Preparation: some knowledge of French (or one Romance language). Enforced requisite: course 120B. Course C228A is enforced requisite to C228B. Aspects of structure of French language, with emphasis on properties of construction not found in English. Concurrently scheduled with courses C128A-C128B. S/U or letter grading.

230. History of Linguistics. (4) Requisites: courses 200A, 200B. Aspects of history of linguistics. Different course offerings may deal with different areas of linguistics (e.g., phonology, syntax) or with different historical periods. May be repeated for credit with topic change.

232. Language Processing. (5) Lecture, four hours; laboratory, one hour. Central issues in language comprehension and production, with emphasis on how theories in linguistics inform processing models. Topics include word understanding (with emphasis on spoken language), parsing, anaphora and inferencing, speech error models of sentence production, and computation of syntactic structure during production. S/U or letter grading.

233. Language Development. (5) Lecture, four hours. Requisites: courses 20, 120A, 120B. Survey of research and theoretical perspectives in language development in children. Discussion and examination of child language data from English and other languages. Emphasis on universals of language development. Topics include infant speech perception and production, development of phonology, morphology, syntax, and word meaning. S/U or letter grading.

C235. Neurolinguistics. (5) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisites: courses 20, 119A or 120A, 119B or 120B. Examination of relationship between brain, language, and linguistic theory, with evidence presented from atypical language development and language disorders in the mature brain. Topics include methodologies to investigate normal and atypical hemispheric specialization for language and children and adults with acquired and/or congenital language disorders. Concurrently scheduled with course C135. Graduate students expected to read more advanced neurolinguistic literature and produce research papers of greater depth. S/U or letter grading.

236. Computational Phonology. (4) Lecture, four hours. Introduction to computational models of phonology and phonological acquisition. Topics include finite state machines, probabilistic automata, over-constrained models, dynamic programming methods. Letter grading.

M238. Analyzing Historical Texts. (4) (Same as History M266C.) Seminar, four hours. Designed for graduate students. Analysis of linguistic structure and ethnohistorical context of legal and other documents written by native-speaking scribes and translators. Topics include paleographic technique and text analysis software. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

239. Research Design and Statistical Methods. (2 or 4) Lecture, four hours. Topics include identifying and defining research topics, selecting appropriate research design and measurements, designing student experiments, recording, analyzing, and interpreting data. S/U or letter grading.

C244. Bilingualism and Second Language Acquisition. (5) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisites: courses 119A or 120A, 119B or 120B. Introduction to study of childhood bilingualism and adult and child second language (L2) acquisition, with focus on understanding nature of L2 grammar and grammatical processes underlying L2/bilingual acquisition. Discussion of neurolinguistic and social aspects of bilingualism. Concurrently scheduled with course C140. Graduate students expected to read more advanced literature, do in-class presentation, and submit graduate-level term paper. S/U or letter grading.

251A. Topics in Phonetics and Phonology. (4) Seminar, four hours. Requisite: course 200A. Course 201A, 203, or 204A may be required. Specialized topics in phonetics and phonology. Meets with course 251B. May be repeated for credit. Letter grading.

251B. Topics in Phonetics and Phonology. (2) Seminar, four hours. Requisite: course 200A. Course 201A, 203, or 204A may be required. Specialized topics in phonetics and phonology. May not be applied toward MA degree requirements. Meets with course 251A. May be repeated for maximum of 8 units. S/U grading.

252A. Topics in Syntax and Semantics. (4) Seminar, four hours. Requisite: course 200B. Course 201B, 201C, 214, 215, or 216 may be required. Specialized topics in syntax and semantics. Meets with course 252B. May be repeated for credit. Letter grading.

252B. Topics in Syntax and Semantics. (2) Seminar, four hours. Enforced requisite: course 200B. Course 214, 215, or 216 may be required. Specialized topics in syntax and semantics. May not be applied toward MA degree requirements. Meets with course 252A. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

253A. Topics in Language Variation. (4) Seminar, four hours. Requisite: course 110. Course 202 may be required. Specialized topics in language variation. Meets with course 253B. May be repeated for credit. Letter grading.

253B. Topics in Language Variation. (2) Seminar, four hours. Requisite: course 110. Course 202 may be required. Specialized topics in language variation. May not be applied toward MA degree requirements. Meets with course 253A. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

254A. Topics in Linguistics. (4) Seminar, four hours. Requisites: courses 200A, 200B. Course 201A, 201B, 201C, 202, 203, 204A, 205, 208, 209A, 209B, 212, 213A, 213C, 214, 215, 216, or 218 may be required. Individual proseminars on topics such as child language, sociolinguistics, neurolinguistics, computational linguistics, psycholinguistics, etc. Meets with course 254B. May be repeated for credit. Letter grading.

254B. Topics in Linguistics. (2) Seminar, four hours. Requisites: courses 200A, 200B. Course 201A, 201B, 201C, 202, 203, 204A, 205, 208, 209A, 209B, 212, 213A, 213C, 214, 215, 216, or 218 may be required. Individual proseminars on topics such as child language, sociolinguistics, neurolinguistics, computational linguistics, psycholinguistics, etc. May not be applied toward MA degree requirements. Meets with course 254A. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

260A-260B-260C. Seminars: Phonetics. (2 or 4 each) Seminar, three hours. Each course may be taken independently for credit. May not be applied toward MA or PhD degree requirements when taken for 2 units. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

261A-261B-261C. Seminars: Phonology. (2 or 4 each) Seminar, three hours. Each course may be taken independently for credit. May not be applied toward MA or PhD degree requirements when taken for 2 units. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

262A-262B-262C. Seminars: Syntax and Semantics. (2 or 4 each) Seminar, three hours. Each course may be taken independently for credit. May not be applied toward MA or PhD degree requirements when taken for 2 units. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

264A-264B-264C. Seminars: Psycholinguistics/Neurolinguistics. (2 or 4 each) Seminar, three hours. Special topics may include child language, neurolinguistics, psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics, etc. Each course may be taken independently for credit. May not be applied toward MA degree requirements when taken for 2 units. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

265A-265B-265C. American Indian Linguistics Seminar. (1 or 4 each) Seminar, two hours; fieldwork, four hours. Presentation of research on American Indian linguistics. Each course may be taken independently for credit. May not be applied toward MA or PhD degree requirements when taken for 1 unit. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

275. Linguistics Colloquium. (4) Preparation: completion of MA requirements. Varied linguistic topics, generally presentations of new research by students, faculty, and visiting scholars. S/U grading.

276. Linguistics Colloquium. (No credit) Designed for graduate students. Same as course 275, but taken without credit by students not presenting a colloquium. S/U grading.

375. Teaching Apprentice Practicum. (1 to 4) Seminar, to be arranged. Preparation: apprentice personnel employment as teaching assistant, associate, or fellow. Teaching apprenticeship under active guidance and supervision of regular faculty member responsible for curriculum and instruction at UCLA. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

403. Practical Phonetics Training. (1) Extensive practice in production, perception, and transcription of sounds from a wide range of languages. Concurrently scheduled with practical sections of course 103. S/U grading.

411A-411B. Research Orientation. (2-2) Designed for graduate students. Sequence of lectures by department faculty to acquaint new graduate students with research directions and resources of department and elsewhere on campus. May not be applied toward MA or PhD degree requirements. S/U grading.

422. Practicum: Phonetic Data Analysis. (2) Designed for graduate students. Workshop in examination of phonetic data, such as sound spectrograms, oscillographic records, and computer output. May not be applied toward MA or PhD degree requirements. S/U grading.

444. MA Thesis Preparation Seminar. (4) Seminar, two hours. Regular student presentations of MA thesis topics and progress, with discussion and criticism by other students and faculty. Presentations by faculty and guest speakers on topics relevant to professional development, such as abstract writing and conference presentations, preparing manuscripts for publication, curriculum vitae and personal websites, academic and non-academic careers in linguistics. May not be applied toward MA or PhD degree requirements. S/U grading.

495. College Teaching of Linguistics. (2) Seminar, to be arranged. Designed for graduate students. Required of all new teaching assistants. Seminars, workshops, and apprentice teaching. Selected topics, including curriculum development, various teaching strategies and their effects, teaching evaluation, and other topics on college teaching. Students receive unit credit toward full-time equivalence but not toward any degree requirements. S/U grading.

501. Cooperative Program. (2 to 8) Preparation: consent of UCLA graduate adviser and graduate dean, and host campus instructor, department chair, and graduate dean. Used to record enrollment of UCLA students in courses taken under cooperative arrangements with USC. S/U grading.

596A. Directed Studies. (1 to 8) Preparation: completion of all undergraduate deficiency courses. Directed individual study or research. May be applied toward MA course requirements. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

596B. Directed Linguistic Analysis. (1 to 8) Preparation: completion of MA degree requirements. Intensive work with native speakers by students individually. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

597. Preparation for MA Comprehensive and PhD Qualifying Examinations. (1 to 8) Preparation: at least six graduate linguistics courses. May be taken only in terms in which students expect to take comprehensive or qualifying examinations. May not be applied toward MA course requirements. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

598. Research for MA Thesis. (1 to 8) Research and preparation of MA thesis. May not be applied toward MA course requirements. May be repeated for a maximum of 8 units. S/U grading.

599. Research for PhD Dissertation. (1 to 16) Preparation: advancement to PhD candidacy. May not be applied toward PhD course requirements. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.