Anthropology Upper-Division Courses

Archaeology

100. History of Anthropology. (4) (Formerly numbered 182.) Lecture, three hours. Brief survey of development of Western social science, particularly anthropology, from Greek and Roman thought to emergence of evolutionary theory and concept of culture in late 19th century. Root paradigm of Western social science and its influence on such notables as Durkheim, Freud, Hall, Lombroso, Marx, Piaget, Terman, and others. Consideration of how this influences ethnocentrism and Eurocentrism, sexism, racism, perception of deviance, and view of culture in general. P/NP or letter grading.

110. Principles of Archaeology. (4) (Formerly numbered 110P.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisite: course 2. Intended for students interested in conceptual structure of scientific archaeology. Archaeological method and theory with emphasis on what archaeologists do and how and why they do it. Consideration of field strategies, formation processes, chronological frameworks, and other crucial principles of archaeological analysis and interpretation. P/NP or letter grading.

CM110Q. Introduction to Archaeological Sciences. (4) (Same as Ancient Near East CM169.) Lecture, three hours. Basic understanding of newly introduced methods and techniques throughout field of archaeology to implement them and to appreciate and evaluate results of their use by others who have embedded them in their scholarly publications or theoretical models. Systematic instruction in digital data management and mining, scientific analysis of materials (including geological and biochemical techniques), and visual presentation of data and research results (ranging from simple graphs to virtual reality). Concurrently scheduled with course CM210Q. P/NP or letter grading.

111. Theory in Anthropological Archaeology. (4) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: course 2. Method and theory with emphasis on archaeology within context of anthropology. Themes include theoretical developments over last 50 years, structure of archaeological reasoning, and selective survey of work on problems of general anthropological interest. P/NP or letter grading.

112P. Selected Topics in Historical Archaeology. (4) Lecture, three hours. Study of selected topics in historical archaeology. Consult Schedule of Classes for topics and instructors. May be repeated for credit with topic change. P/NP or letter grading.

112Q. Archaeology of Chiefdoms. (4) (Formerly numbered 114L.) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: course 2. Examination of chiefdom societies in anthropological record, with readings focused on theory and data from archaeological, historical, and ethnographic literature. Illustration of how people in ranked non-state societies created remarkably rich cultures over entire globe beginning several millennia ago in both Old World and Americas. P/NP or Letter grading.

112R. Cities Past and Present. (4) (Formerly numbered 119P.) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: course 2 or 3. Examination of ancient and modern cities to evaluate how urban form developed and continues to thrive as human social phenomenon. Contemporary observations compared with archaeological case studies, including South America, Asia, Africa, and ancient Near East. P/NP or letter grading.

112S. Politics of Past. (4) (Formerly numbered 115Q.) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: course 2. Examination of social and cultural context of modern archaeology. Topics include legal frameworks governing archaeological practice, relationships between archaeologists and descendant peoples, and role of archaeology in current politics. P/NP or letter grading.

113P. Archaeology of North America. (4) Lecture, three hours. Prehistory of North American Indians; evolution of Indian societies from earliest times to (and including) contemporary Indians; approaches and methods of American archaeology. P/NP or letter grading.

113Q. California Archaeology. (4) Lecture, three hours. From earliest Californians through 10,000 years of history, study of diversity in California’s original peoples. Aspects of technology, ideology, ecology, and social/political organization. Historic impacts on California Indians by Euro-Americans. P/NP or letter grading.

113R. Southwestern Archaeology. (4) Lecture, three hours. Examination of prehistory of American Southwest from 11,000 years ago to historic times. Emphasis on describing and explaining cultural variation and change, employing evolutionary perspective. Special attention to advent of farming and settled towns, large-scale interactive networks, abandonment of Four Corners area, and historic cultures. P/NP or letter grading.

114P. Ancient Civilizations of Mesoamerica. (4) Lecture, three hours. Archaeology of pre-Hispanic native cultures of Mesoamerica from late Pleistocene through Spanish conquest, with emphasis on formative sociopolitical developments, classic period civilizations, and Aztec society as revealed by archaeology and early Spanish writing. P/NP or letter grading.

114Q. Ancient Civilizations of Andean South America. (4) (Formerly numbered 114R.) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: course 2 or 3. Pre-Hispanic and Conquest period native cultures of Andean South America, as revealed by archaeology and early Spanish writing. Incas and their predecessors in Peru, with emphasis on sociopolitical systems, economic patterns, religion, and aesthetic and intellectual achievements. P/NP or letter grading.

M115. Archaeology of Egypt and Sudan. (4) (Formerly numbered M119E.) (Same as Ancient Near East M105.) Lecture, two hours; laboratory, three hours. Ancient Egypt is well known for iconic archaeological sites such as Giza Pyramids and Tomb of Tutankhamun. From these and thousands of less well-known sites, enormous variety of archaeological information can be gained. Through discussion of particular archaeological themes, regions, or sites, examination of methods of prehistoric and historic archaeology and how archaeological information contributes to understanding of social, political, and religious history. Background provided for development of group research projects—finding resources, data gathering, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and training on how to embark on research in this field. Computer laboratory component included in which student research is performed and presented in time map. P/NP or letter grading.

116P. Archaeology of South Asia. (4) (Formerly numbered 116.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Archaeology of Harappan, early historic, and medieval periods in Indian subcontinent. Investigation of large-scale social movements such as Buddhism, as well as consideration of how past is interpreted in present. P/NP or letter grading.

116Q. Selected Topics in Archaeology of China. (4) (Formerly numbered 116N.) Lecture, three hours. Examination of current developments and key issues in archaeology of early Chinese civilizations. Consult Schedule of Classes for topics and instructors. May be repeated for credit with topic change. P/NP or Letter grading.

M116R. Archaeological Landscapes of China. (4) (Formerly numbered 116S.) (Same as Chinese M183.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Declassified space images from Cold War era and open remote sensing data of 21st century provide new opportunities for studying landscape transformation in historical China. Combining lectures, library research, and hands-on analysis of archaeological sites on satellite images, investigation of changing historical and archaeological landscape in China during last 5,000 years. Social processes at various scales, from emergence of early cities to rise of metropolitan centers and formation of imperial landscapes. P/NP or letter grading.

116S. Selected Topics in Archaeology of Southeast Asia. (4) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Study of selected topics in archaeology and prehistory of Southeast Asia from Pleistocene to European colonization, including population movements, emergence of agriculture, and development of state level societies. May be repeated for credit with topic change. P/NP or letter grading.

C117. Selected Laboratory Topics in Archaeology. (4) Lecture, one hour; laboratory, two hours. Specialized analysis of particular classes of cultural remains. Topic may be one of following: zooarchaeology, paleoethnobotany, ceramics, lithic analysis, rock art. Laboratory experience with collections and data. May be repeated for credit with topic change. Concurrently scheduled with course CM217. P/NP or letter grading.

117P. Selected Laboratory Topics in Archaeology. (4) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: course 2. How archaeological research is furthered by specialized analysis of particular classes of cultural remains. Topics may include animal bones, plants, ceramics, rock art. Hands-on experience working with collections and data. May be repeated for credit with topic change. P/NP or letter grading.

118Q. Conquest and Colonialism. (4) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed to expose students to anthropological issues on European conquest and colonialism. Comparative view of colonialism through examination of case studies of encounters and entanglements between peoples of different cultural traditions during past 500 years. Particular interest is placed in rapid environmental and social transformations that ensued soon after contacts between indigenous groups and European explorers, emphasizing responses of indigenous peoples to such contacts. Focus on archaeological perspectives, particularly long-term dynamics of cross-cultural entanglements, and effects of such interactions in landscape, material culture, and past ways of life. Highlights significant contributions of archaeology to understanding often rapid and dramatic cultural changes experienced by peoples involved in colonial encounters. P/NP or letter grading.

118R. Religion and Urbanism. (4) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Religion and ritual are fundamental components of social life, extending deep into human past. Earliest cities often made use of power of religion, with rulers and elites endowing religious architecture, and placing ritual centers at heart of urban realm. In modern times, however, religious places have been treated with more conflicted identity in cities, retaining some of their prominence in spatial realm while less-articulated with political power given expectation of secularism as dominant public mode in modern nation-states. Examination of power of religion as social, organizational, and political principle in both ancient and modern cities, focusing on four of world’s dominant living ritual traditions (Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, Judaism). P/NP or letter grading.

119. Selected Topics in Archaeology. (4) (Formerly numbered 118.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Study of selected topics in archaeology. Consult Schedule of Classes for topics and instructors. May be repeated for credit with topic change. P/NP or letter grading.

Biological Anthropology

120. Survey of Biological Anthropology. (4) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: course 1. Limited to juniors and seniors. In-depth survey of theory and research in biological anthropology, including evolutionary theory, genetics, primatology, human evolution, and human behavior. P/NP or letter grading.

124P. Human Behavioral Ecology. (4) (Formerly numbered 124A.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Recommended requisite: course 1 or Life Sciences 1 or 7B. Survey of research in human behavioral ecology. Review of natural and sexual selection, kin selection, and reciprocal altruism. Emphasis on current empirical studies of modern human behavior from evolutionary perspective, including social organization, sexual division of labor, parenting strategies, conflict, and cooperation. P/NP or letter grading.

124Q. Evolutionary Psychology. (4) (Formerly numbered 124B.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Recommended requisite: course 1. Survey of research in evolutionary psychology. Review of relevant theory in evolution and genetics. Emphasis on empirical studies of modern human behavior from evolutionary perspective, including social behavior, decision making, language, culture, and child development. P/NP or letter grading.

M124R. Evolution of Language. (4) (Formerly numbered 124R.) (Same as Communication M124.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Recommended preparation: course 1 or 4 or Linguistics 1. Designed for juniors and seniors. How did human capacity for language evolve? Examination of origin of human language from biological, comparative, developmental, social and computational perspectives. Topics include evolutionary theory, linguistic structure, gesture and speech, animal communication, language learning, language disorders, and computational models of language emergence. P/NP or letter grading.

124S. Evolution of Human Sexual Behavior. (4) (Formerly numbered 124P.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisite: course 1. Examination of human sexual relations and social behavior from evolutionary perspective. Emphasis on theories and evidence for differences between men and women in their patterns of growth, maturation, fertility, mortality, parenting, and relations with members of opposite sex. P/NP or letter grading.

124T. Evolution of Personality. (4) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Recommended requisite: course 1 or Life Sciences 1 or 7B or Psychology 10. Evolutionary hypotheses for existence of stable differences among individuals in patterns of thought, emotion, and behavior. Descriptive accounts of personality structure (e.g. Big Five). Comparison of explanatory models including balancing selection, facultative calibration, and mutation-selection balance. P/NP or letter grading.

126P. Paleopathology. (4) (Formerly numbered 129Q.) Lecture, three hours. Designed for juniors/seniors. Evidence of disease and trauma, as preserved in skeletal remains of ancient and modern human populations. Discussions of medical procedures (trepanation), health status, ethnic mutilation (cranial deformation, footbinding), cannibalism, and sacrifice and roles such activities have played in human societies. P/NP or letter grading.

126Q. Evolution of Genus Homo. (4) (Formerly numbered 121C.) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: course 1. Origin and evolution of genus Homo, including archaic sapiens and Neanderthals. Morphology, ecology, and behavior of these groups. Course ends with appearance of modern humans. P/NP or letter grading.

128P. Primate Behavior Nonhuman to Human. (4) (Formerly numbered 128A.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Review of primate behavior as known from laboratory and field studies. Theoretical issues of animal behavior, with special reference to nonhuman primates. Discussion of human behavior as product of such evolutionary processes. P/NP or letter grading.

M128Q. Animal Communication. (4) (Formerly numbered M127.) (Same as Communication M127.) Lecture, three hours. Designed for Anthropology and Communication Studies majors. Evolution, functions, design, and diversity of animal communication systems such as bird song, dolphin calls, whale song, primate social signals, and human language. P/NP or letter grading.

M128R. Hormones and Behavior in Humans and Other Animals. (4) (Same as Physiological Science M140 and Society and Genetics M140.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Examination of hormones, and physiology and genetics involved in hormonal processes and function. Interactions among hormonal levels, environmental stimuli, and behavior. Sexual behavior, pregnancy, and lactation, parental behavior, development and emigration, stress, social behavior, dominance relationships, aggression, chemical communication, and reproductive suppression. Critique of primary literature on behavioral endocrinology about humans and other species. Consideration of spectrum of noninvasive to highly invasive endocrine sampling methods, and which types of questions can be answered in laboratory and field, as well as ethics of hormonal studies and their implications for humans and other animals. Letter grading.

M128S. Primate Genetics, Ecology, and Conservation. (4) (Same as Society and Genetics M142.) Seminar, three hours. Focus on genetic research on wild primates at different geographic scales, using readings from primary literature on primate genetics, ecology, and behavior. Study of paternity and kinship, intrapopulational variation, population genetics, biogeography, systematics, phylogenetics/phylogenomics and comparative genomics. Utility and appropriateness of various markers considered for different research questions, e.g., mitochondrial DNA, microsatellites, nuclear genes, Y-chromosome, as well as GWAS and genomic/next generation sequencing platforms, and epigenetic markers. Discussion of methods in fieldwork and lab work, including sampling techniques, collection techniques, wet lab techniques, software analysis packages, and statistical analyses. Introductory-level understanding of genetics expected; study further illuminates areas in molecular biology relevant to case studies analyzed. Letter grading.

M128T. Amazon in Anthropocene. (4) (Same as Society and Genetics M143.) Seminar, three hours. Consideration of major issues faced in Amazon region today using lenses of biology, geography, biological anthropology, primatology, cultural anthropology/ethnography, history, comparative literature, film studies, political science, and environmental science. Analysis of Amazon paleogeography and ecology over time to highlight charismatic species, biodiversity, and habitat types. Focus on human migration into Amazon, diversity of indigenous groups today, and historic/present interactions with environment. Study of European expeditions that carved out political boundaries within Amazon. Study of historic/current effects of human economy and land use on ecology. Exploration of changing power dynamics, inequity, and (un)sustainability of different cultural practices and technologies. Topics include rubber boom, indigenous resistance to oil exploration, hydroelectric dams and clean energy, deforestation arc, and international land grabs for soy plantations. Highlights value of different kinds of knowledge and expertise for interdisciplinary solutions for current crises in Amazon. Letter grading.

129. Selected Topics in Biological Anthropology. (4) (Formerly numbered 126.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Study of selected topics in biological anthropology. Consult Schedule of Classes for topics and instructors. May be repeated for credit with topic change. P/NP or letter grading.

Sociocultural Anthropology

130. Study of Culture. (4) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisite: course 3. Designed for juniors/seniors. 20th-century elaboration and development of concept of culture. Examination of five major paradigms: culture as human capacity, as patterns and products of behavior, as systems of meaning and cognition, as generative structure and semiotic system, as component in social action and reality construction. (Core course for cultural field.) P/NP or letter grading.

131. Critical Social Theory. (4) (Formerly numbered 181.) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: course 3. Limited to juniors/seniors. In-depth introduction to work of classic social theorists, Karl Marx and Max Weber. Examination of their influence on anthropology. Exploration of recent attempts to synthesize both perspectives. P/NP or letter grading.

132. Anthropology of Environment. (4) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Environmental anthropology explores relationship between complex human systems and environments in which they are entangled. Examination of how people impact and are impacted by their environments, and how relationships between people are negotiated through management of place and space throughout time. Traces multiple theoretical lineages, beginning with early work in cultural ecology and including political ecology, environmental history, contested ontologies, and contemporary environmental justice. Through engagement with grounded, multimodal ethnographies (in text, film, and new media), study of historical movements of people across ecosystems, politics of managing common goods resources such as rivers and atmosphere, bioeconomics of environmental contamination, and development of climate change adaptation strategies in hard-hit areas. P/NP or letter grading.

133. Anthropology of Food. (4) (Formerly numbered 133F.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Production, consumption, and distribution of food, with particular emphasis on culture of food. Exploration of ecological history, class, poverty, hunger, ethnicity, nationalism, capitalism, gender, race, and sexuality. Food that shapes identities, desires, and needs in contemporary world. P/NP or letter grading.

134. Anthropology of Migration. (4) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Introduction of different views on population movement from refugee crisis and migration tendencies to policies surrounding newcomers’ incorporation and anti-immigration political strategies. Examination of motivations for migration, both voluntary and involuntary movements (e.g., displacement, slave trades, or ethnic violence). P/NP or letter grading.

135. Visual Anthropology: Documentary Photography. (4) (Formerly numbered 133P.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Photographs in anthropology serve many purposes: as primary data, illustrations of words in books, documentation for disappearing cultures, evidence of fieldwork, material objects for museum exhibitions, and even works of art. Topics include relationships between subject and treatment of image, between art photography and ethnographic documentation, role of museum photograph and caption, social practice of taking pictures, and case study on photographing Middle East and North Africa. P/NP or letter grading.

135R. Multimedia Ethnography. (4) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Preparation: native or near-native control of and communicative competence in language of study. Introduction to theories and methods of field-based linguistic anthropology and visual anthropology. Students gain experience in conducting visual anthropological research and in presenting their work in linguo-visual framework. Presentation of finished filmic product. Emphasis on collection and analysis of language in use, with focus on videorecording naturally-occurring dialogic or multiparty conversations, and on analyzing phenomena occurring within these conversations. P/NP or letter grading.

136A-136B. Introduction to Psychological Anthropology. (4-4) P/NP or letter grading. 136A. Historical Development. (4) (Formerly numbered 135A.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisite: course 3. Limited to juniors/seniors. Survey of field of psychological anthropology, with emphasis on early foundations and historical development of field. Topics include study of personality, pathology and deviance, altered states of consciousness, cognition, motivation, and emotion in different cultural settings. 136B. Current Topics and Research. (4) (Formerly numbered 135B.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Survey of field of psychological anthropology, with emphasis on current topics and research. Topics include study of personality, pathology and deviance, altered states of consciousness, cognition, motivation, and emotion in different cultural settings.

137P. Anthropology of Deviance and Abnormality. (4) (Formerly numbered 135S.) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: course 3. Relationship between culture and recognition of, responses toward, and forms of deviant and abnormal behavior. P/NP or letter grading.

137Q. Psychoanalysis and Anthropology. (4) (Formerly numbered 135T.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Exploration of mutual relations between anthropology and psychoanalysis, considering both theory and method. History of and current developments in psychoanalysis; anthropological critiques of psychoanalytic theory and method, toward cross-cultural psychoanalytic approach. P/NP or letter grading.

138P. Field Methods in Cultural Anthropology. (5) (Formerly numbered 139.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Designed for juniors/seniors. Introduction to skills and tools of data ascertainment through fieldwork in cultural anthropology. Emphasis on techniques, methods, and concepts of ethnographical research and how basic observational information is systematized for presentation, analysis, and cross-cultural comparison. P/NP or letter grading.

M138Q. Fieldwork in Asian American and Pacific Islander Communities. (4) (Formerly numbered M139P.) (Same as Asian American Studies M143A.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Introduction to qualitative research methods and application of techniques in data collection, analysis, and reporting. Critical reflection of issues related to identity, migration, multiculturalism, tourism, and indigenous rights. Field excursions and guest lecturers from local community included. Given in Hawai’i. P/NP or letter grading.

139. Selected Topics in Cultural Anthropology. (4) (Formerly numbered 137.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Study of selected topics in cultural anthropology. Consult Schedule of Classes for topics and instructors. May be repeated for credit with topic change. P/NP or letter grading.

140. Study of Social Systems. (4) (Formerly numbered 150.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Enforced requisite: course 3. Introduction to more specialized social anthropology courses. Evaluation of variation in sociocultural systems, with special emphasis on forms of inequality. Basic frameworks of anthropological analysis; historical context and development of social anthropology discipline. P/NP or letter grading.

141. Careers in Anthropology. (4) Lecture, three hours. Overview of various career paths for students with degrees in anthropology. Helps students develop academic and professional skills in preparation for life after UCLA. Focus on ways in which one can apply anthropological concepts, research methodologies, and analytical skills to range of careers. Guest speakers discuss how they have applied their anthropology degrees to their work outside of academia. P/NP or letter grading.

142P. Anthropology of Religion. (4) (Formerly numbered 156.) Lecture, three hours. Survey of various methodologies in comparative study of religious ideologies and action systems, including understanding particular religions through descriptive and structural approaches, and identification of social and psychological factors that may account for variation in religious systems cross-culturally. P/NP or letter grading.

142Q. Ethnic and Religious Minorities. (4) Lecture, three hours. Analytical overview of ethnic and religious minorities in contemporary Middle East and North Africa structured around sociocultural experiences of ethnic and religious groups to understand their political and economic realities. P/NP or letter grading.

143. Economic Anthropology. (4) (Formerly numbered 153P.) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: course 3. Introduction to anthropological perspectives for interpretation of economic life and institutions. Economic facts to be placed in their larger social, political, and cultural contexts; examination of modes of production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services in their relation to social networks, power structures, and institutions of family, kinship, and class. P/NP or letter grading.

C144M. Multispecies Anthropology. (4) Lecture, three hours. Survey of human-animal relationships across history, from origins of domestication to present-day debates over animal rights, and very different ways societies distant in time and space from our own have construed inner lives of other species and their ties to human others. Concurrently scheduled with course C244M. P/NP or letter grading.

M144P. Constructing Race. (4) (Formerly numbered M159P.) (Same as African American Studies M159P and Asian American Studies M169.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Examination of race, socially constructed category, from anthropological perspective. Consideration of development of racial categories over time and in different regions, racial passing, multiracial identity in U.S., whiteness, race in popular culture, and race and identity. P/NP or letter grading.

M144Q. Afro-American Experience in U.S. (4) (Formerly numbered M164.) (Same as African American Studies M164.) Lecture, three hours. Promotes understanding of contemporary sociocultural forms among Afro-Americans in U.S. by presenting comparative and diachronic perspective on Afro-American experience in New World. Emphasis on utilization of anthropological concepts and methods in understanding origins and maintenance of particular patterns of adaptation among black Americans. P/NP or letter grading.

144R. Anthros and Indians: Racism, Colonialism, and Development of Anthropology in America. (4) Lecture, three hours. Recommended requisite: course 160A. Examination of long-standing contentious relationship between American Indians and discipline of anthropology and history of anthropological study of American Indians in United States. Consideration of way anthropology has contributed to repression and marginalization—even subjugation—of Indians in American society. P/NP or letter grading.

C144S. Repatriation of Native American Human Remains and Cultural Objects. (4) (Formerly numbered C169R.) Lecture, two hours; discussion, one hour. Native Americans have recently been successful in obtaining passage of federal and state laws repatriating human remains and cultural objects to them. Examination of this phenomenon. May be concurrently scheduled with course C244S. P/NP or letter grading.

M145P. Marriage, Family, and Kinship. (4) (Formerly numbered M151.) (Same as Gender Studies M154P.) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: course 3. Examination of understandings of kinship in cross-cultural perspective and impact of kinship on interpersonal relationships, gender roles, and sociocultural systems. Readings from popular materials and formal ethnographic accounts. P/NP or letter grading.

M145Q. Selected Topics in Gender Systems. (4) (Formerly numbered 154P.) (Same as Gender Studies M154Q.) Lecture, three hours. Recommended preparation: prior anthropology or gender studies courses. Designed for junior/senior social sciences majors. Comparative study of women’s lives and gender systems and cultures from anthropological perspective. Critical review of relevant theoretical issues using ethnography, case study, and presentations. Consult Schedule of Classes for topics and instructors. May be repeated for credit with topic change. P/NP or letter grading.

M145R. Women and Social Movements. (4) (Formerly numbered M155Q.) (Same as Gender Studies M154R.) Lecture/discussion, three hours. Recommended preparation: prior gender studies or anthropology courses. Comparative studies of social movements (e.g., nationalist, socialist, liberal/reform), beginning with Russia and China and including Cuba, Algeria, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Nicaragua, and Iran. Analysis of women’s participation in social transformations and centrality of gender interests. P/NP or letter grading.

145S. Culture, Gender, Sexuality. (4) (Formerly numbered M134.) Lecture, three hours. Comparative analysis of role of environment, history, and culture in structuring of patterns of gender and sexuality. P/NP or letter grading.

M145T. Women’s Voices: Their Critique of Anthropology of Japan. (4) (Formerly numbered M155.) (Same as Gender Studies M154T.) Lecture, three hours. Preparation: introductory sociocultural anthropology course. Anthropology of Japan has long viewed Japan as homogeneous whole. Restoration of diversity and contradiction in it by listening to voices of Japanese women in various historical contexts. P/NP or letter grading.

146. Urban Anthropology. (4) (Formerly numbered 167.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for junior/senior social sciences majors. Introduction to modern industrial cities and urban life. Examination of notion of urban space in context of social relations by drawing from historical and cross-cultural urban ethnographies. Urban space is created according to needs of capital and actions of urban subjects. Exploration of ways in which class, gender, race, and geography shape or contest perspectives and priorities on urban issues. P/NP or letter grading.

147. Development Anthropology. (4) (Formerly numbered 161.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisite: course 3. Designed for juniors/seniors. Comparative study of planned and unplanned development, in particular as it affects rural societies. Emphasis on impact of capital, technological change and gender differences, economic differentiation and class, urban/rural relations, and migration. Discussion of theoretical issues in light of case studies. P/NP or letter grading.

M148. Past People and Their Lessons for Our Own Future. (5) (Formerly numbered M158Q.) (Same as Geography M142 and Honors Collegium M152.) Lecture, two hours; discussion, two hours. Examination of modern and past people that met varying fates, as background to examination of how other modern people are coping or failing to cope with similar issues. Letter grading.

149. Selected Topics in Social Anthropology. (4) (Formerly numbered 157.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Study of selected topics in social anthropology. Consult Schedule of Classes for topics and instructors. May be repeated for credit with topic change. P/NP or letter grading.

Linguistic Anthropology

M150. Language in Culture. (5) (Formerly numbered M140.) (Same as Linguistics M146.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; fieldwork, two hours. Requisite: course 4 or Linguistics 20. Study of language as aspect of culture; relation of habitual thought and behavior to language; and language and classification of experience. Holistic approach to study of language, with emphasis on relationship of linguistic anthropology to fields of biological, cultural, and social anthropology, as well as archaeology. (Core course for linguistics field.) P/NP or letter grading.

151. Ethnography of Everyday Speech. (5) (Formerly numbered 141.) Lecture, three hours; fieldwork. Requisite: course 4. Designed for juniors/seniors. Course has two interrelated objectives: (1) to introduce students to ethnography of communication —description and analysis of situated communicative behavior—and sociocultural knowledge that it reflects and (2) to train students to recognize, describe, and analyze relevant linguistic, proxemic, and kinesic aspects of face-to-face interaction. P/NP or letter grading.

M152P. Language Development and Socialization. (4) (Formerly numbered 152P.) (Same as Psychology M149.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Exploration of processes through which children learn structures and practices of language and become competent participants in linguistic and social worlds around them. Examination of language use and socialization over childhood, across communities of practice, and across different ethnic and socioeconomic groups. Bridges work from anthropology, psychology, linguistics, and cognitive science. Topics include cross-cultural perspectives on child development and wide range of methodological approaches. Examination of ways in which language development and socialization interface with culture, modality, inequality, education, and cognition. P/NP or letter grading.

152Q. Language and Social Organization through Life Cycle. (4) (Formerly numbered 149F.) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: course 4. Examination of forms of participation and talk-in-interaction across various phases of life cycle from birth to old age, using videotaped interactions of naturally occurring activities. How language and interaction within specific contexts are used to constitute identity and how interaction order resulting from face-to-face interaction provides building blocks for larger formations that arise from such activities. P/NP or letter grading.

152R. Language, Culture, and Education. (4) (Formerly numbered 149D.) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: course 4. Examination of various ways in which culture, and language in particular, influence not only educational processes and outcomes, but also very conceptions of what normal development processes and desirable educational outcomes are. P/NP or letter grading.

153. Language and Identity. (4) (Formerly numbered 149A.) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: course 4. Language as social phenomenon. Introduction to several angles from which language use can be critically examined as integral to interactions between individuals and between social groups. P/NP or letter grading.

154P. Multilingualism: Communities and Histories in Contact. (4) (Formerly numbered 149C.) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: course 4. Examination of communicative, political, and poetic aspects of use of two or more languages (multilingualism) by individuals and by groups. Broader themes in social theory, anthropological inquiry, sociolinguistics, and literary studies in lectures to contextualize class readings. P/NP or letter grading.

154Q. Gender and Language in Society. (4) (Formerly numbered 149B.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisite: course 4. Examination of role language plays in social construction of gender identities and ways in which gender impacts language use and ideologies. P/NP or letter grading.

154SL. Gender and Language across Communities. (4) (Formerly numbered 149SL.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Requisite: course 4. Examination of how language practices contribute to expression of gendered identities in different social groups and situations. Completion of 20 hours of service learning in community service program coordinated through Center for Community Learning required. Active participation in organized service that is conducted in and meets needs of communities. P/NP or letter grading.

155. Native American Languages and Their Speakers. (4) (Formerly numbered C155.) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: course 4 or American Indian Studies M10. Introduction and comparative analysis of sociocultural aspects of language ideologies and language use in indigenous speech communities through Americas. Examination of cultural diversity of discourse practices for both everyday forms of speaking as well as special registers used in particular cultural contexts. Role of language and communication in Native American education contexts is also examined. Considerable attention is paid to Native American verbal art because of its cultural importance. Examination also of language shift away and current efforts by indigenous groups to reclaim and revitalize heritage languages. Role of linguistic racism directed at Native Americans and hegemonic influence of nation-states is also examined. P/NP or letter grading.

M156. Language Endangerment and Linguistic Revitalization. (4) (Formerly numbered M162.) (Same as American Indian Studies M162.) Lecture, three hours; activity, one hour. Requisites: course 4, American Indian Studies M10. Examination of causes and consequences of current worldwide loss of linguistic diversity and revelation of kinds of efforts that members of threatened heritage language communities have produced in their attempt to revitalize these languages. Projected loss of as many as half of world’s languages by end of 21st century can only be explained as outcome of such factors as nationalism, global economic forces, language ideological change, and language shift away from smaller indigenous and tribal languages. Since loss of such languages means both reduction of cultural as well as linguistic diversity, many affected communities have engaged in various language renewal practices. Examination of some diverse strategies that have been attempted, including immersion, language and culture classes, master-apprentice, interactive multimedia, mass media approaches, and language policy-reform approaches. Evaluation of effectiveness of these measures and of very imagery used to discuss language endangerment. P/NP or letter grading.

M157W. Talk and Body. (5) (Formerly numbered M148W.) (Same as Communication M123W.) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour. Requisite: English Composition 3. Relationship between language and human body raises host of interesting topics. New approaches to phenomena such as embodiment become possible when body is analyzed, not as isolated entity, but as visible agent whose talk and action are lodged within both processes of human interaction and rich settings where people pursue courses of action that count in their lives. Satisfies Writing II requirement. Letter grading.

M158. Culture of Jazz Aesthetics. (4) (Formerly numbered M142R.) (Same as Ethnomusicology M130 and Global Jazz Studies M130.) Lecture, three hours. Recommended requisite: course 3 or 4 or Ethnomusicology 20A or 20B or 20C. Aesthetics of jazz from point of view of musicians who shaped jazz as art form in 20th century. Listening to and interacting with professional jazz musicians who answer questions and give musical demonstrations. Analytical resources and historical knowledge of musicians and ethnomusicologists combined with those interested in jazz as cultural tradition. P/NP or letter grading.

159. Selected Topics in Linguistic Anthropology. (4) (Formerly numbered 147.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Study of selected topics in linguistic anthropology. Consult Schedule of Classes for topics and instructors. May be repeated for credit with topic change. P/NP or letter grading.

Regional Cultures

160A. Native North Americans. (4) (Formerly numbered 172A.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Consideration of diversity of Native American societies north of Mexico, including their origins, formation, and development. Particular attention to subsistence systems and their relationship to social institutions and cultural practices, especially religion. P/NP or letter grading.

160B. Change and Continuity among Native North Americans. (4) (Formerly numbered 172B.) Lecture, three hours. Requisite: course 160A. Consideration of tremendous change Native American societies and cultures have undergone since European contact. Emphasis on patterns of adaptation and continuity as Native Americans confronted colonization and its implications. P/NP or letter grading.

161. Latin American Communities. (4) (Formerly numbered 173Q.) Lecture, three hours. Overview of social and cultural anthropology of small communities in Latin America. Similarities and contrasts in social organization and interpersonal relations described in context of economic, political, and cultural environments. P/NP or letter grading.

162. Ethnography of South America. (4) (Formerly numbered 174P.) Lecture, three hours. Introduction to ethnography of South American Indians, with special emphasis on Lowland South America. Survey of history and development of man and society in this world area and examination of exemplary cultures symptomatic of various levels of cultural achievement. P/NP or letter grading.

163P. Ideology and Social Change in Contemporary China. (4) (Formerly numbered 175Q.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Introduction to sociocultural changes in China from 1949 to present. Topics include ideology and politics in everyday life, social stratification and mobility, cultural construction of socialist person, changes in courtship, marriage, and family, and political economy of reforms in post-Mao era. P/NP or letter grading.

163Q. Societies of Central Asia. (4) (Formerly numbered 175R.) Lecture, three hours. Overview of culture and society among diverse peoples of Inner Asia, including Mongolia, Tibet, and Soviet Central Asia. Topics include environment and economic adaptation, politics in traditional isolation and within framework of recent national integration, kinship, forms of marriage and status of women, religion and social order in Hindu/Buddhist culture contact zone, and current problems of modernization. P/NP or letter grading.

163R. Japan. (4) (Formerly numbered 175S.) Lecture, three hours. Overview of contemporary Japanese society. General introduction, kinship, marriage and family life, social mobility and education, norms and values, religions, patterns of interpersonal relations, social deviance. P/NP or letter grading.

166P. Sub-Saharan Africa. (4) (Formerly numbered 171.) Lecture, three hours. Issues of ecology and political economy; continuing impacts of colonialism, nationalism, and current challenges for development; changes in social relations. Examination of Africa’s significance to development of anthropology. Cultural background for understanding events in contemporary Africa provided. P/NP or letter grading.

M166Q. Culture Area of Maghrib (North Africa). (4) (Formerly numbered M171P.) (Same as Arabic M171 and History M108C.) Lecture, three hours. Designed for juniors/seniors. Introduction to North Africa, especially Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya, also known as Maghrib or Tamazgha. Topics include changing notions of personal, tribal, ethnic, linguistic and religious identities; colonialism; gender and legal rights, changing representations of Islam, and religions in region’s public spaces. P/NP or letter grading.

167. Culture Area of Middle East. (4) (Formerly numbered 176.) Lecture, three hours. Study of Middle East has suggested many theories as to developmental history of humankind, evolution of human society, birth of monotheism, and origin of agriculture, trade, and cities. Presentation of anthropological material relevant to understanding Middle East as culture area, and Islam as basis of its shared tradition. P/NP or letter grading.

168P. Cultures of Pacific. (4) (Formerly numbered 177.) Lecture, three hours. Four major culture areas of Australia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and Micronesia. General geographical features, prehistory, and language distribution of whole region. Distinctive sociocultural features of each culture area presented in context of their adaptive significance. P/NP or letter grading.

M168Q. Ethnic Identity and Ethnic Relations in Hawai’i. (4) (Formerly numbered M177P.) (Same as Asian American Studies M143C.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Continuing construction and expression of ethnic identity in various cultural forms and social contexts in Hawai’i. Overview of theoretical approaches to and basic concepts in study of ethnic identity and ethnic relations. Discussion of historical and contemporary aspects of ethnic identity and ethnic relations in Hawai’i. Given in Hawai’i. P/NP or letter grading.

169. Selected Topics in Regional Cultures. (4) (Formerly numbered 179.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Study of selected topics in regional cultures. Consult Schedule of Classes for topics and instructors. May be repeated for credit with topic change. P/NP or letter grading.

Specialized Studies

188SA. Individual Studies for USIE Facilitators. (1) Tutorial, to be arranged. Enforced corequisite: Honors Collegium 101E. Limited to junior/senior USIE facilitators. Individual study in regularly scheduled meetings with faculty mentor to discuss selected USIE seminar topic, conduct preparatory research, and begin preparation of syllabus. Individual contract with faculty mentor required. May not be repeated. Letter grading.

188SB. Individual Studies for USIE Facilitators. (1) Tutorial, to be arranged. Enforced requisite: course 188SA. Enforced corequisite: Honors Collegium 101E. Limited to junior/senior USIE facilitators. Individual study in regularly scheduled meetings with faculty mentor to finalize course syllabus. Individual contract with faculty mentor required. May not be repeated. Letter grading.

188SC. Individual Studies for USIE Facilitators. (2) Tutorial, to be arranged. Enforced requisite: course 188SB. Limited to junior/senior USIE facilitators. Individual study in regularly scheduled meetings with faculty mentor while facilitating USIE 88S course. Individual contract with faculty mentor required. May not be repeated. Letter grading.

189. Advanced Honors Seminars. (1) Seminar, three hours. Limited to 20 students. Designed as adjunct to undergraduate lecture course. Exploration of topics in greater depth through supplemental readings, papers, or other activities and led by lecture course instructor. May be applied toward honors credit for eligible students. Honors content noted on transcript. P/NP or letter grading.

189HC. Honors Contracts. (1) Tutorial, three hours. Limited to students in College Honors Program. Designed as adjunct to upper-division lecture course. Individual study with lecture course instructor to explore topics in greater depth through supplemental readings, papers, or other activities. May be repeated for maximum of 4 units. Individual honors contract required. Honors content noted on transcript. Letter grading.

191. Variable Topics Research Seminars: Anthropology. (4) Seminar, three hours. Research seminar on selected topics in anthropology. Reading, discussion, and development of culminating project. Consult Schedule of Classes for topics and instructors. May be repeated for credit with topic change. P/NP or letter grading.

191HA. Beginning Seminar. (4) Seminar, three hours. Limited to anthropology honors program students. Survey of major research strategies in anthropology to aid honors students in developing research proposals. Letter grading.

191HB. Field Methods. (4) Seminar, three hours. Limited to anthropology honors program students. Survey of major field methods in anthropology to prepare students to conduct their own field research. Letter grading.

191HC. Data Analysis. (4) Seminar, three hours. Limited to anthropology honors program students. Survey of major forms of data analysis in anthropology to aid honors students in analysis of their own research data. Letter grading.

191HD. Writing for Anthropology. (4) Seminar, three hours. Limited to anthropology honors program students. Teaching of writing skills, with focus on how to write honors theses. Letter grading.

191HE. Writing for Publication and Conference Presentations. (4) Seminar, three hours. Limited to anthropology honors program students. Preparation of honors theses for publication and for conference presentations and posters. Letter grading.

193. Journal Club Seminars: Anthropology. (1) Seminar, one hour. Limited to undergraduate students. Discussion of current readings in discipline. May be linked with speaker series. May be repeated for credit with topic change. P/NP grading.

194. Research Group Seminars: Anthropology. (1) Seminar, one hour. Limited to undergraduate students who are part of research group or internship. Discussion of research methods and current literature in discipline or of research of faculty members or students. May meet concurrently with graduate research seminar. May be repeated for credit with topic change. P/NP grading.

195CE. Community and Corporate Internships in Anthropology. (4) Tutorial, to be arranged; fieldwork, eight to 10 hours. Limited to juniors/seniors. Internship in corporate, governmental, or nonprofit setting coordinated through Center for Community Learning. Students complete weekly written assignments, attend biweekly meetings with graduate student coordinator, and write final research paper. Faculty sponsor and graduate student coordinator construct series of reading assignments that examine issues related to internship site. May be repeated for credit with consent of Center for Community Learning. No more than 4 units may be applied toward major; units applied must be taken for letter grade. Individual contract with supervising faculty member required. P/NP or letter grading.

197. Individual Studies in Anthropology. (2 to 8) Tutorial, to be arranged. Limited to juniors/seniors. Individual intensive study, with scheduled meetings to be arranged between faculty member and student. Assigned readings and tangible evidence of mastery of subject matter (e.g., paper or other product) required. May be repeated for credit. Individual contract required. P/NP or letter grading.

199. Directed Research in Anthropology. (2 to 8) Tutorial, to be arranged. Limited to juniors/seniors. Supervised individual research or investigation under guidance of faculty mentor. Culminating paper or project required. May be repeated for credit. Individual contract required. P/NP or letter grading.