# Statistics Lower-Division Courses

10. Introduction to Statistical Reasoning. (5) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; computer laboratory, two hours. Preparation: three years of high school mathematics. Not open for credit to students with credit for course 11, 12, 13, 14, or former course 10H. Introduction to statistical thinking and understanding, including strengths and limitations of basic experimental designs, graphical and numerical summaries of data, inference, regression as descriptive tool. P/NP or letter grading.

12. Introduction to Statistical Methods for Geography and Environmental Studies. (5) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour; laboratory, one hour. Not open for credit to students with credit for course 10, 11, or 13. Introduction to statistical thinking and understanding, with emphasis on techniques used in geography and environmental science. Underlying logic behind statistical procedures, role of variation in statistical thinking, strengths and limitations of statistical summaries, and fundamental inferential tools. Emphasis on applications in geography and environmental science in laboratory work using professional statistical analysis package, including spatial statistics. P/NP or letter grading.

13. Introduction to Statistical Methods for Life and Health Sciences. (5) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; laboratory, one hour. Not open for credit to students with credit for course 10, 10H, 11, 12, or 14. Presentation and interpretation of data, descriptive statistics, introduction to correlation and regression and to basic statistical inference (estimation, testing of means and proportions, ANOVA) using both bootstrap methods and parametric models. P/NP or letter grading.

19. Fiat Lux Freshman Seminars. (1) Seminar, one hour. Discussion of and critical thinking about topics of current intellectual importance, taught by faculty members in their areas of expertise and illuminating many paths of discovery at UCLA. P/NP grading.

20. Introduction to Statistical Programming with R. (4) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Enforced requisite: course 10, 12, or 13. Designed to prepare students for upper-division work in statistics. Introduction to use of R, including data management, simple programming, and statistical graphics in R. P/NP or letter grading.

35. Introduction to Probability with Applications to Poker. (4) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Exploration of some main topics in introductory probability theory, especially discrete probability problems, that are useful in wide variety of scientific applications. Topics include conditional probability and conditional expectation, combinatorics, laws of large numbers, central limit theorem, Bayes theorem, univariate distributions, Markov processes, and Brownian motion. Examination of computer simulation in depth and discussion of computational approximations of solutions to complex problems using R, with examples of situations and concepts that arise naturally when playing Texas Hold’em and other games. P/NP or letter grading.

88. Sophomore Seminars: Statistics. (2) Seminar, two hours. Requisite: one course from 10, 11, 12, 13, or 14. Limited to 20 lower-division students. Readings and discussions designed to introduce students to current statistical consulting research and fieldwork disciplines. Culminating project may be required. P/NP or letter grading.

89. Honors Seminars. (1) Seminar, three hours. Limited to 20 students. Designed as adjunct to lower-division lecture course. Exploration of topics in greater depth through supplemental readings, papers, or other activities and led by lecture course instructor. May be applied toward honors credit for eligible students. Honors content noted on transcript. P/NP or letter grading.

89HC. Honors Contracts. (1) Tutorial, three hours. Limited to students in College Honors Program. Designed as adjunct to lower-division lecture course. Individual study with lecture course instructor to explore topics in greater depth through supplemental readings, papers, or other activities. May be repeated for maximum of 4 units. Individual honors contract required. Honors content noted on transcript. Letter grading.

99. Student Research Program. (1 to 2) Tutorial (supervised research or other scholarly work), three hours per week per unit. Entry-level research for lower-division students under guidance of faculty mentor. Students must be in good academic standing and enrolled in minimum of 12 units (excluding this course). Individual contract required; consult Undergraduate Research Center. May be repeated. P/NP grading.